Cerebral edema in patients with large hemispheric infarct undergoing reperfusion treatment: a HERMES meta-analysis

Ng, F. C. et al. (2021) Cerebral edema in patients with large hemispheric infarct undergoing reperfusion treatment: a HERMES meta-analysis. Stroke, 52(11), pp. 3450-3458. (doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.033246) (PMID:34384229)

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Background and Purpose: Whether reperfusion into infarcted tissue exacerbates cerebral edema has treatment implications in patients presenting with extensive irreversible injury. We investigated the effects of endovascular thrombectomy and reperfusion on cerebral edema in patients presenting with radiological evidence of large hemispheric infarction at baseline. Methods: In a systematic review and individual patient-level meta-analysis of 7 randomized controlled trials comparing thrombectomy versus medical therapy in anterior circulation ischemic stroke published between January 1, 2010, and May 31, 2017 (Highly Effective Reperfusion Using Multiple Endovascular Devices collaboration), we analyzed the association between thrombectomy and reperfusion with maximal midline shift (MLS) on follow-up imaging as a measure of the space-occupying effect of cerebral edema in patients with large hemispheric infarction on pretreatment imaging, defined as diffusion-magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography (CT)-perfusion ischemic core 80 to 300 mL or noncontrast CT-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≤5. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool. Results: Among 1764 patients, 177 presented with large hemispheric infarction. Thrombectomy and reperfusion were associated with functional improvement (thrombectomy common odds ratio =2.30 [95% CI, 1.32–4.00]; reperfusion common odds ratio =4.73 [95% CI, 1.66–13.52]) but not MLS (thrombectomy β=−0.27 [95% CI, −1.52 to 0.98]; reperfusion β=−0.78 [95% CI, −3.07 to 1.50]) when adjusting for age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Score, glucose, and time-to-follow-up imaging. In an exploratory analysis of patients presenting with core volume >130 mL or CT-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≤3 (n=76), thrombectomy was associated with greater MLS after adjusting for age and National Institutes of Health Stroke Score (β=2.76 [95% CI, 0.33–5.20]) but not functional improvement (odds ratio, 1.71 [95% CI, 0.24–12.08]). Conclusions: In patients presenting with large hemispheric infarction, thrombectomy and reperfusion were not associated with MLS, except in the subgroup with very large core volume (>130 mL) in whom thrombectomy was associated with increased MLS due to space-occupying ischemic edema. Mitigating cerebral edema-mediated secondary injury in patients with very large infarcts may further improve outcomes after reperfusion therapies.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Medtronic provided funding but had no role in the design or analysis. Biogen provided funding and reviewed the analysis plan and manuscript.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Muir, Professor Keith
Authors: Ng, F. C., Yassi, N., Sharma, G., Brown, S. B., Goyal, M., Majoie, C. B.L.M., Jovin, T. G., Hill, M. D., Muir, K. W., Saver, J. L., Guillemin, F., Demchu, A. M., Menon, B. K., San Roman, L., Liebeskind, D. S., White, P., Dippel, D. W.J., Davalos, A., Bracard, S., Mitchell, P. J., Wald, M. J., Davis, S. M., Sheth, K. N., Kimberly, W. T., and Campbell, B. C.V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Stroke
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN (Online):1524-4628
Published Online:13 August 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 American Heart Association, Inc.
First Published:First published in Stroke 52(11): 3450-3458
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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