Public vulnerability to the police: a quantitative inquiry

Hamm, J. A., Searle, R. , Carr, J. D. and Rivers, L. (2021) Public vulnerability to the police: a quantitative inquiry. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 48(12), pp. 1749-1769. (doi: 10.1177/00938548211008489)

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The recent protests regarding the state of policing in the United States clearly demonstrate that how the police do their job creates a salient potential for harm to the public. This study applies a multidimensional paradigm of risk perception to quantify evaluations of police-caused harm. Using data from a national (U.S.) convenience sample (n = 1,890) that oversampled individuals who self-identified as black or Muslim, we tested whether these evaluations vary systematically (using confidence intervals), whether they covary with police legitimacy (using structural equation modeling), and the extent to which that covariance differs by demographic status (using multiple groups structural equation modeling). Our results suggest that black and Muslim individuals evaluate police-caused harm differently than do majority group members (white and Christian) on most, but not all, of the measured dimensions. We also find that those evaluations are predictive of trust and provide evidence of some level of consistency across communities.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Searle, Professor Rosalind
Authors: Hamm, J. A., Searle, R., Carr, J. D., and Rivers, L.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
Journal Name:Criminal Justice and Behavior
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN (Online):1552-3594
Published Online:24 April 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology
First Published:First published in Criminal Justice and Behavior 48(12): 1749-1769
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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