Asymmetrical growth of the photopic hill during the light adaptation effect

Garon, M.-L., Rufiange, M., Hamilton, R. , McCulloch, D. L. and Lachapelle, P. (2010) Asymmetrical growth of the photopic hill during the light adaptation effect. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 121(3), pp. 177-187. (doi: 10.1007/s10633-010-9243-0) (PMID:20711798)

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In response to progressively stronger flashes delivered against a rod saturating background light, the amplitude of the photopic ERG b-wave first increases, reaches a maximal value (V max) and then decreases gradually to a plateau where the amplitude of the b-wave equals that of the a-wave, a phenomenon known as the photopic hill (PH). The purpose of this study was to investigate how the PH grew during the course of the light adaptation (LA) process that follows a period of dark adaptation (DA): the so-called light adaptation effect (LAE). Photopic ERG (time-integrated) luminance-response (LR) functions were obtained prior to (control-fully light adapted) and at 0, 5 and 10 min of LA following a 30-min period of DA. A mathematical model combining a Gaussian and a logistic growth function, suggested to reflect the OFF and ON retinal contribution to the PH respectively, was fitted to the LR functions thus obtained. Our results indicate that the magnitude of the cone ERG LAE is modulated by the stimulus luminance, with b-wave enhancements being maximal for luminance levels that result in the descent of the PH. The Gaussian function grew significantly with LA while the logistic growth function remained basically unchanged. Our findings would therefore suggest that the LAE reflects primarily an increase in the retinal OFF response during LA.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hamilton, Dr Ruth
Authors: Garon, M.-L., Rufiange, M., Hamilton, R., McCulloch, D. L., and Lachapelle, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Documenta Ophthalmologica
ISSN (Online):1573-2622
Published Online:15 August 2010

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