Microtubule stress modifies intra-nuclear location of Msh2 in mouse embryonic fibroblasts

Marquez, N., Chappell, S., Sansom, O. , Clarke, A., Teesdale-Spittle, P., Errington, R. and Smith, P. (2004) Microtubule stress modifies intra-nuclear location of Msh2 in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Cell Cycle, 3(5), pp. 662-671.

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The maintenance of genomic stability in mitotic and meiotic cycles through mismatch repair (MMR) demands the coordination of MMR functions with multiple processes including cell cycle traverse, linked changes in microtubule dynamics, protein translocation at chromatin sites and checkpoint activation. We have studied changes in the intracellular location of the MMR protein Msh2 in response to mitosis, microtubule disruption by colcemid and DNA damage induction by cis-platin in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). Image analysis indicated that MEFs have a normally high nuclear retention of Msh2 during interphase with a precipitous dispersal of protein from chromatin sites into the cytoplasm at mitosis. Dispersal was also observed in cisplatin- and colcemid-treated interphase MEFs without any change in the overall Msh2 levels throughout the cell cycle. There was no evidence of co-localization of the punctate cytoplasmic Msh2 foci with any microtubule structures and knockout of Msh2 altered neither the extent of microtubule disruption nor the functional activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint by colcemid. Critically, extranuclear relocation of protein did not alter the ability to mount an Msh2-dependent G(2) checkpoint delay in response to cisplatin- induced DNA damage. Depletion of the nuclear pool of Msh2 protein in cells undergoing dispersal was found to involve a rapid relocation of protein from AT-rich chromatin sites as defined by coassociation studies exploiting a newly-characterized base-pair preference of the fluorescent DNA binding probe DRAQ5. The study reveals the unexpected mobility of MMR protein pools during the MEF cell cycle and in response to different stress-inducing agents. The results link for the first time microtubule-integrity with intra-nuclear Msh2 protein dynamics. The high nuclear retention of Msh2 in interphase MEFs is in contrast to human tumor cells while the observations on protein dispersal suggest that only low levels of nuclear-located Msh2 are needed for G2 checkpoint activation by DNA damage.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sansom, Professor Owen
Authors: Marquez, N., Chappell, S., Sansom, O., Clarke, A., Teesdale-Spittle, P., Errington, R., and Smith, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Cycle

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