Rapid loss of intestinal crypts upon conditional deletion of the Wnt/Tcf-4 target gene c-Myc

Muncan, V. et al. (2006) Rapid loss of intestinal crypts upon conditional deletion of the Wnt/Tcf-4 target gene c-Myc. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 26(22), pp. 8418-8426. (doi: 10.1125/MCB.00821-06)

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Inhibition of the mutationally activated Wnt cascade in colorectal cancer cell lines induces a rapid G(1) arrest and subsequent differentiation. This arrest can be overcome by maintaining expression of a single Tcf4 target gene, the proto-oncogene c-Myc. Since colorectal cancer cells share many molecular characteristics with proliferative crypt progenitors, we have assessed the physiological role of c-Myc in adult crypts by conditional gene deletion. c-Myc-deficient crypts are lost within weeks and replaced by c-Myc-proficient crypts through a fission process of crypts that have escaped gene deletion. Although c-Myc(-/-) crypt cells remain in the cell cycle, they are on average much smaller than wild-type cells, cycle slower, and divide at a smaller cell size. c-Myc appears essential for crypt progenitor cells to provide the necessary biosynthetic capacity to successfully progress through the cell cycle.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sansom, Professor Owen
Authors: Muncan, V., Sansom, O., Tertoolen, L., Phesse, T., Begthel, H., Sancho, E., Cole, A., Gregorieff, A., de Alboran, I., Clevers, H., and Clarke, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Molecular and Cellular Biology

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