Computational framework for monolithic coupling for thin fluid flow in contact interfaces

Shvarts, A. G. , Vignollet, J. and Yastrebov, V. A. (2021) Computational framework for monolithic coupling for thin fluid flow in contact interfaces. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 379, 113738. (doi: 10.1016/j.cma.2021.113738)

[img] Text
237170.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



We developed a computational framework for simulating thin fluid flow in narrow interfaces between contacting solids, which is relevant for a range of engineering, biological and geophysical applications. The treatment of this problem requires coupling between fluid and solid mechanics equations, further complicated by contact constraints and potentially complex geometrical features of contacting surfaces. We developed a monolithic finite-element framework for handling mechanical contact, thin incompressible viscous flow and fluid-induced tractions on the surface of the solid, suitable for both one- and two-way coupling approaches. Additionally, we consider the possibility of fluid entrapment in ”pools” delimited by contact patches and its pressurization following a non-linear compressibility constitutive law. Image analysis algorithms were adapted to identify the local status of each interface element (i.e. distinguish between contact, fluid flow and trapped fluid zones) within the Newton–Raphson loop. First, an application of the proposed framework for a problem with a model geometry is given, and the robustness is demonstrated by the residual-wise and status-wise convergence. The full capability of the developed two-way coupling framework is demonstrated on a problem of a fluid flow in contact interface between a solid with representative rough surface and a rigid flat. The evolution of the contact pressure, fluid flow pattern and the morphology of trapped fluid zones under increasing external load until the complete sealing of the interface is displayed. Additionally, we demonstrated an almost mesh-independent result of a refined post-processing approach to the real contact-area computation. The developed framework permits not only to study the evolution of effective properties of contact interfaces, such as transmissivity and real contact area, but also to highlight the difference between one- and two-way coupling approaches, and, in particular, to quantify the effect of trapped fluid ”pools” on the coupled problem.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Vignollet, Dr Julien and Shvarts, Dr Andrei
Authors: Shvarts, A. G., Vignollet, J., and Yastrebov, V. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
ISSN (Online):1879-2138
Published Online:18 March 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 37: 113738
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
Related URLs:

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record