Optimisation of an electrochemical DNA sensor for measuring KRAS G12D and G13D point mutations in different tumour types

Attoye, B., Baker, M. J., Thomson, F. , Pou, C. and Corrigan, D. K. (2021) Optimisation of an electrochemical DNA sensor for measuring KRAS G12D and G13D point mutations in different tumour types. Biosensors, 11(2), 42. (doi: 10.3390/bios11020042) (PMID:33562505) (PMCID:PMC7914712)

[img] Text
233558.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) is widely used in liquid biopsies due to having a presence in the blood that is typically in proportion to the stage of the cancer and because it may present a quick and practical method of capturing tumour heterogeneity. This paper outlines a simple electrochemical technique adapted towards point-of-care cancer detection and treatment monitoring from biofluids using a label-free detection strategy. The mutations used for analysis were the KRAS G12D and G13D mutations, which are both important in the initiation, progression and drug resistance of many human cancers, leading to a high mortality rate. A low-cost DNA sensor was developed to specifically investigate these common circulating tumour markers. Initially, we report on some developments made in carbon surface pre-treatment and the electrochemical detection scheme which ensure the most sensitive measurement technique is employed. Following pre-treatment of the sensor to ensure homogeneity, DNA probes developed specifically for detection of the KRAS G12D and G13D mutations were immobilized onto low-cost screen printed carbon electrodes using diazonium chemistry and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride/N-hydroxysuccinimide coupling. Prior to electrochemical detection, the sensor was functionalised with target DNA amplified by standard and specialist PCR methodologies (6.3% increase). Assay development steps and DNA detection experiments were performed using standard voltammetry techniques. Sensitivity (as low as 0.58 ng/μL) and specificity (>300%) was achieved by detecting mutant KRAS G13D PCR amplicons against a background of wild-type KRAS DNA from the representative cancer sample and our findings give rise to the basis of a simple and very low-cost system for measuring ctDNA biomarkers in patient samples. The current time to receive results from the system was 3.5 h with appreciable scope for optimisation, thus far comparing favourably to the UK National Health Service biopsy service where patients can wait for weeks for biopsy results.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding: The lead author was supported by EPSRC (grant reference number EP/L015595/1). F.T. and C.P. were supported by CRUK and ECMC core funding.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thomson, Dr Fiona and Pou, Dr Chantevy
Creator Roles:
Thomson, F.Resources, Writing – review and editing
Pou, C.Resources, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Attoye, B., Baker, M. J., Thomson, F., Pou, C., and Corrigan, D. K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Biosensors
ISSN (Online):2079-6374
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 by the authors
First Published:First published in Biosensors 11(2):42
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record