Increasing importance of anthelmintic resistance in European livestock: creation and meta-analysis of an open database

Rose Vineer, H. et al. (2020) Increasing importance of anthelmintic resistance in European livestock: creation and meta-analysis of an open database. Parasite, 27, 69. (doi: 10.1051/parasite/2020062) (PMID:33277891) (PMCID:PMC7718593)

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Helminth infections are ubiquitous in grazing ruminant production systems, and are responsible for significant costs and production losses. Anthelmintic Resistance (AR) in parasites is now widespread throughout Europe, although there are still gaps in our knowledge in some regions and countries. AR is a major threat to the sustainability of modern ruminant livestock production, resulting in reduced productivity, compromised animal health and welfare, and increased greenhouse gas emissions through increased parasitism and farm inputs. A better understanding of the extent of AR in Europe is needed to develop and advocate more sustainable parasite control approaches. A database of European published and unpublished AR research on gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) and liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) was collated by members of the European COST Action “COMBAR” (Combatting Anthelmintic Resistance in Ruminants), and combined with data from a previous systematic review of AR in GIN. A total of 197 publications on AR in GIN were available for analysis, representing 535 studies in 22 countries and spanning the period 1980–2020. Reports of AR were present throughout the European continent and some reports indicated high within-country prevalence. Heuristic sample size-weighted estimates of European AR prevalence over the whole study period, stratified by anthelmintic class, varied between 0 and 48%. Estimated regional (country) prevalence was highly heterogeneous, ranging between 0% and 100% depending on livestock sector and anthelmintic class, and generally increased with increasing research effort in a country. In the few countries with adequate longitudinal data, there was a tendency towards increasing AR over time for all anthelmintic classes in GIN: aggregated results in sheep and goats since 2010 reveal an average prevalence of resistance to benzimidazoles (BZ) of 86%, macrocyclic lactones except moxidectin (ML) 52%, levamisole (LEV) 48%, and moxidectin (MOX) 21%. All major GIN genera survived treatment in various studies. In cattle, prevalence of AR varied between anthelmintic classes from 0–100% (BZ and ML), 0–17% (LEV) and 0–73% (MOX), and both Cooperia and Ostertagia survived treatment. Suspected AR in F. hepatica was reported in 21 studies spanning 6 countries. For GIN and particularly F. hepatica, there was a bias towards preferential sampling of individual farms with suspected AR, and research effort was biased towards Western Europe and particularly the United Kingdom. Ongoing capture of future results in the live database, efforts to avoid bias in farm recruitment, more accurate tests for AR, and stronger appreciation of the importance of AR among the agricultural industry and policy makers, will support more sophisticated analyses of factors contributing to AR and effective strategies to slow its spread.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This review is based upon work from COST Action COMBAR CA16230, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) and from the Livestock Helminth Research Alliance (LiHRA). HRV and ERM are supported by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) through BBSRC grant BB/ M003949/1; HRV is also supported by the University of Liverpool’s Institute of Infection and Global Health, and ERM by UKRI BBSRC project BB/R010250/1 and the UK Department of Food, Environment and Rural Affairs, Veterinary Medicines Directorate grant VM0543. DJB is supported by the Scottish Government’s Rural and Environmental Science and Analytical Services (RESAS) division. MMV was funded by the Spanish “Ramón y Cajal” Programme of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MMV, RYC2015-18368). MK and JV were supported by the Czech Republic Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports INTER-COST project (LTC19018).
Keywords:Anthelmintic resistance, Database, Europe, Gastrointestinal nematodes, Liver fluke, Maps, Prevalence, Ruminants
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McIntyre, Dr Jennifer
Authors: Rose Vineer, H., Morgan, E. R., Hertzberg, H., Bartley, D. J., Bosco, A., Charlier, J., Chartier, C., Claerebout, E., de Waal, T., Hendrickx, G., Hinney, B., Höglund, J., Ježek, J., Kašný, M., Keane, O. M., Martínez-Valladares, M., Mateus, T. L., McIntyre, J., Mickiewicz, M., Munoz, A. M., Phythian, C. J., Ploeger, H. W., Rataj, A. V., Skuce, P. J., Simin, S., Sotiraki, S., Spinu, M., Stuen, S., Thamsborg, S. M., Vadlejch, J., Varady, M., von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G., and Rinaldi, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Parasite
Publisher:EDP Open
Published Online:04 December 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © H. Rose Vineer et al. 2020
First Published:First published in Parasite 27: 69
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
190824The BUG consortium Building Upon the Genome: using H. contortus genomic resources to develop novel interventions to control endemic GI parasitesEileen DevaneyBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)BB/M003949/1Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine