Computational strategies to combat COVID-19: useful tools to accelerate SARS-CoV-2 and coronavirus research

Hufsky, F. et al. (2021) Computational strategies to combat COVID-19: useful tools to accelerate SARS-CoV-2 and coronavirus research. Briefings in Bioinformatics, 22(2), pp. 642-663. (doi: 10.1093/bib/bbaa232) (PMID:33147627) (PMCID:PMC7665365)

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SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) is a novel virus of the family Coronaviridae. The virus causes the infectious disease COVID-19. The biology of coronaviruses has been studied for many years. However, bioinformatics tools designed explicitly for SARS-CoV-2 have only recently been developed as a rapid reaction to the need for fast detection, understanding and treatment of COVID-19. To control the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it is of utmost importance to get insight into the evolution and pathogenesis of the virus. In this review, we cover bioinformatics workflows and tools for the routine detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection, the reliable analysis of sequencing data, the tracking of the COVID-19 pandemic and evaluation of containment measures, the study of coronavirus evolution, the discovery of potential drug targets and development of therapeutic strategies. For each tool, we briefly describe its use case and how it advances research specifically for SARS-CoV-2. All tools are free to use and available online, either through web applications or public code repositories.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:SARS-CoV-2, drug design, epidemiology, sequencing, tools, virus bioinformatics.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robertson, Professor David and Singer, Dr Josh
Authors: Hufsky, F., Lamkiewicz, K., Almeida, A., Aouacheria, A., Arighi, C., Bateman, A., Baumbach, J., Beerenwinkel, N., Brandt, C., Cacciabue, M., Chuguransky, S., Drechsel, O., Finn, R. D., Fritz, A., Fuchs, S., Hattab, G., Hauschild, A.-C., Heider, D., Hoffmann, M., Hölzer, M., Hoops, S., Kaderali, L., Kalvari, I., von Kleist, M., Kmiecinski, R., Kühnert, D., Lasso, G., Libin, P., List, M., Löchel, H. F., Martin, M. J., Martin, R., Matschinske, J., McHardy, A. C., Mendes, P., Mistry, J., Navratil, V., Nawrocki, E. P., O'Toole, Á. N., Ontiveros-Palacios, N., Petrov, A. I., Rangel-Pineros, G., Redaschi, N., Reimering, S., Reinert, K., Reyes, A., Richardson, L., Robertson, D. L., Sadegh, S., Singer, J. B., Theys, K., Upton, C., Welzel, M., Williams, L., and Marz, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Infection & Immunity > Centre for Virus Research
Journal Name:Briefings in Bioinformatics
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1477-4054
Published Online:04 November 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Briefings in Bioinformatics 22(2): 642-663
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
172630014Cross-Cutting Programme – Viral Genomics and Bioinformatics (Programme 9)David RobertsonMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12014/12III - Centre for Virus Research