Essential work of fracture assessment of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) processed via fused filament fabrication additive manufacturing

Verma, P., Ubaid, J., Schiffer, A., Jain, A., Martínez-Pañeda, E. and Kumar, S. (2021) Essential work of fracture assessment of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) processed via fused filament fabrication additive manufacturing. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 113(3-4), pp. 771-784. (doi: 10.1007/s00170-020-06580-4)

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Abstract

Experiments and finite element (FE) calculations were performed to study the raster angle–dependent fracture behaviour of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) thermoplastic processed via fused filament fabrication (FFF) additive manufacturing (AM). The fracture properties of 3D-printed ABS were characterized based on the concept of essential work of fracture (EWF), utilizing double-edge-notched tension (DENT) specimens considering rectilinear infill patterns with different raster angles (0°, 90° and + 45/− 45°). The measurements showed that the resistance to fracture initiation of 3D-printed ABS specimens is substantially higher for the printing direction perpendicular to the crack plane (0° raster angle) as compared to that of the samples wherein the printing direction is parallel to the crack (90° raster angle), reporting EWF values of 7.24 kJ m−2 and 3.61 kJ m−2, respectively. A relatively high EWF value was also reported for the specimens with + 45/− 45° raster angle (7.40 kJ m−2). Strain field analysis performed via digital image correlation showed that connected plastic zones existed in the ligaments of the DENT specimens prior to the onset of fracture, and this was corroborated by SEM fractography which showed that fracture proceeded by a ductile mechanism involving void growth and coalescence followed by drawing and ductile tearing of fibrils. It was further shown that the raster angle–dependent strength and fracture properties of 3D-printed ABS can be predicted with an acceptable accuracy by a relatively simple FE model considering the anisotropic elasticity and failure properties of FFF specimens. The findings of this study offer guidelines for fracture-resistant design of AM-enabled thermoplastics.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:S Kumar would like to thank the University of Glasgow for the start-up grant [award no: 144690-01]. This work was partially funded by Khalifa University through the Competitive Internal Research Award (CIRA) [grant number: CIRA-2018-128].
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kumar, Dr Shanmugam
Authors: Verma, P., Ubaid, J., Schiffer, A., Jain, A., Martínez-Pañeda, E., and Kumar, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0268-3768
ISSN (Online):1433-3015
Published Online:27 January 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 113(3-4): 771-784
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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