In vitro and in vivo characterisation of Listeria monocytogenes outbreak isolates

Stratakos, A. C. et al. (2020) In vitro and in vivo characterisation of Listeria monocytogenes outbreak isolates. Food Control, 107, 106784. (doi: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.106784)

[img] Text
226575.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Listeriosis is an important food-borne disease responsible for high rates of morbidity and mortality. L. monocytogenes has been the cause of several foodborne outbreaks and its ability to adapt and survive in a wide range of environmental conditions makes eradication difficult. Many L. monocytogenes strains are avirulent but have the ability to increase their virulence if exposed to environmental stresses. The aim of this study was to explain the observed increase in virulence of outbreak L. monocytogenes isolates by using phenotypic assays and whole genome sequencing. Four L. monocytogenes isolates from sweetcorn and one isolate from a raw milk (control) were sequenced and characterised using a range of phenotypic assays. The four L. monocytogenes sweetcorn isolates displayed a significant increase for in vitro adhesion and invasion of epithelial cells compared to the control isolate. They also showed a higher level of colonisation of the liver and spleen in vivo. In addition, the four L. monocytogenes isolates displayed an increased ability to form biofilms, resist heat stress and resist a combination of antimicrobials. Investigation of the genomes of the four L. monocytogenes sweet corn isolates identified Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes, which may have a role in the observed phenotypes characteristic of these strains, particularly in response to survival properties within the environment or in terms of virulence. We highlight the importance of combining whole genomic sequencing with phenotypic characterisation as a key element in the investigation of outbreaks of foodborne pathogens.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Couto, Dr Jillian and Sloan, Professor William and Ijaz, Dr Umer
Authors: Stratakos, A. C., Ijaz, U. Z., Ward, P., Linton, M., Kelly, C., Pinkerton, L., Scates, P., McBride, J., Pet, I., Criste, A., Stef, D., Couto, J. M., Sloan, W. T., Dorrell, N., Wren, B. W., Stef, L., Gundogdu, O., and Corcionivoschi, N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Food Control
ISSN (Online):1873-7129
Published Online:21 July 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Food Control 107: 106784
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record