Transhydrogenation of pentane with 1,5- and 2,4-hexadiene over CrOx/Al2O3

Garba, M. D. and Jackson, S. D. (2020) Transhydrogenation of pentane with 1,5- and 2,4-hexadiene over CrOx/Al2O3. Applied Petrochemical Research, (doi: 10.1007/s13203-020-00259-3)

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Transhydrogenation of pentane (P) and 1,5-hexadiene (1,5HD) and pentane and 2,4-hexadiene (2,4HD) was studied over a CrOx/alumina catalyst at 523–773 K. Thermodynamic stability differences between the conjugated (2,4-hexadiene) and non-conjugated (1,5-hexadiene) isomers indicated that transhydrogenation was favoured between pentane and 1,5-hexadiene but not pentane and 2,4-hexadiene (+ ve ∆G). At 773 K a significantly enhanced alkene yield was observed for the P/1,5HD system, clearly showing the effect of transhydrogenation. The yield of alkenes was ~ 50% and included alkylated and isomerized alkenes. Alkylation and isomerization were significant reactions under reaction conditions. Pentane was shown to affect the chemistry of 1,5HD and vice versa with the conversion of pentane significantly enhanced at all reaction temperatures, indicating a molecular interaction between the reactants even when transhydrogenation was not obvious. In contrast, no effect on the conversion of pentane was observed when the co-feed was 2,4HD. An unexpected effect of pentane on 2,4HD conversion was observed, with all reactions of cis-2,4-hexadiene (including alkylation and isomerization) being completely inhibited at low reaction temperatures (573 K and 523 K) by the presence of pentane, suggesting that pentane competes for the same sites as cis-2,4-hexadiene. Transhydrogenation activity between pentane and 1,5-hexadiene was less obvious at the lower reaction temperature, which appeared to be a kinetic effect. Direct hydrogenation of 1,5-hexadiene revealed that 1,5HD sampled the same hydrogen population for hydrogenation and transhydrogenation. Comparisons of transhydrogenation of 1-hexyne, 1,5-hexadiene, and 2,4-hexadiene with pentane have revealed significant differences in the adsorption and reaction chemistry of the three isomers.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to fully acknowledge the funding provided, for one of us (MDG), by the Petroleum Technology Development Funds (PTDF) through the Government of Nigeria and the University of Glasgow for the placement.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jackson, Professor David and Garba, Mr Mustapha
Authors: Garba, M. D., and Jackson, S. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Applied Petrochemical Research
ISSN (Online):2190-5533
Published Online:22 November 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Applied Petrochemical Research 2020
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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