Human Factors Science for Implementing and Evaluating Dental Public Health Interventions

Ross, A.J. , Sherriff, A. , Young, L., Freeman, R. and Macpherson, L.M.D. (2019) Human Factors Science for Implementing and Evaluating Dental Public Health Interventions. 24th Congress of the European Association of Dental Public Health, Ghent, Belgium, 12-14 Sep 2019. S18. (doi:10.1922/CDH_EAPDHAbstracts2019)

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Abstract

Public health interventions are routinely delivered through modern health care systems which are highly complex and face multiple barriers to achieving successful outcomes. Human Factors (also known as Ergonomics; HF/E) is the scientific discipline concerned with interactions between people and other elements in organisational systems and has a focus on improvement through designing optimal ways of working. HF/E theory, principles, and methods are strongly endorsed by leading international institutions such as the World Health Organisation (WHO, 2019), the European Union (EU, 2019), and the UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (National Quality Board, 2013). Despite some progress, dental applications are still relatively rare (Ross, 2018). This presentation will outline the benefits for dental public health of incorporating HF/E as part of multi-disciplinary approach to designing, implementing and evaluating interventions across a range of primary and secondary health care settings. Examples to be presented include applying the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM; Hollnagel, 2012) for studying and improving child caries prevention in general practice (Ross et al., 2018), and adapting a Work Domain Analysis (Cassin, 2012) for studying the implementation of a national oral health strategy for care of the dependent older person (Selveindran et al. 2018). Discussion of future possibilities will include reference to the recent setting up in the UK of the National Advisory Board on Human Factors in Dentistry.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sherriff, Dr Andrea and Macpherson, Professor Lorna and Ross, Dr Alastair
Authors: Ross, A.J., Sherriff, A., Young, L., Freeman, R., and Macpherson, L.M.D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
ISSN:0265-539X

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
135209Evaluation of West of Scotland Child Oral Health Pilot ProgrammeLorna MacphersonChief Scientist Office (CSO)N/AMed - Dental School