Development of a scale to measure infant eating behaviour worldwide

Wright, C. M. et al. (2021) Development of a scale to measure infant eating behaviour worldwide. Nutrients, 13(8), 2495. (doi: 10.3390/nu13082495)

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In order to create a short, internationally valid scale to assess eating behaviour (EB) in young children at risk of undernutrition, we refined 15 phrases describing avidity or food refusal (avoidance). In study one, 149 parents matched phrases in English, Urdu, Cantonese, Indonesian or Greek to videos showing avidity and avoidance; 82–100% showed perfect agreement for the avidity phrases and 73–91% for the avoidant phrases. In study two, 575 parents in the UK, Cyprus and Indonesia (healthy) and in Kenya, Pakistan and Guatemala (healthy and undernourished) rated their 6–24 months old children using the same phrases. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s α) was high for avidity (0.88) and moderate for avoidance (0.72). The best-performing 11 items were entered into a principal components analysis and the two scales loaded separately onto 2 factors with Eigen values > 1. The avidity score was positively associated with weight (r = 0.15 p = 0.001) and body mass index (BMI) Z scores (r = 0.16 p = 0.001). Both high and low avoidance were associated with lower weight and BMI Z scores. These scales are internationally valid, relate to nutritional status and can be used to inform causes and treatments of undernutrition worldwide.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The data collection in Kenya was funded by the Scottish Funding Council Global Challenges Research Fund. The other centres were supported by University of Glasgow PG research funds.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Khan, Amara and Wright, Professor Charlotte and Mutoro, Miss Antonina and Chambers, Dr Stephanie and Garcia, Dr Ada
Creator Roles:
Wright, C. M.Formal analysis, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Mutoro, A. N.Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration
Khan, A.Data curation, Project administration
Chambers, S.Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Garcia, A. L.Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Wright, C. M., Gurney, J. M., Mutoro, A. N., Shum, C., Khan, A., Milligan, B., Indriani, W., Georgiou, L., Chambers, S., Bryant-Waugh, R., and Garcia, A. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Nutrients
ISSN (Online):2072-6643
Published Online:22 July 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nutrients 13(8): 2495
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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