Magnetic winding – a key to unlocking topological complexity in flux emergence

MacTaggart, D. and Prior, C. (2021) Magnetic winding – a key to unlocking topological complexity in flux emergence. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1730, 012013. (doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1730/1/012013)

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Magnetic helicity is an invariant of ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) that encodes information on the topology of magnetic field lines. It has long been appreciated that magnetic topology is an important constraint for the evolution of magnetic fields in MHD. In applications to the solar atmosphere, understanding magnetic topology is crucial for following the evolution and eruption of magnetic fields. At present, magnetic helicity flux can be measured in solar observations but the interpretation of results is difficult due to the combination of confounding factors. We propose that a renormalization of helicity flux, the magnetic winding, can be used to detect more detailed topological features in magnetic fields and thus provide a more reliable signature for predicting the onset of solar eruptions.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mactaggart, Dr David
Authors: MacTaggart, D., and Prior, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Journal Name:Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN (Online):1742-6596
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1730:012013
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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