A Mobile Health System for Neurocognitive Impairment Evaluation Based on P300 Detection

De Venuto, D., Annese, V. F. , Mezzina, G., Scioscia, F., Ruta, M., Di Sciascio, E. and Sangiovanni Vincentelli, A. (2018) A Mobile Health System for Neurocognitive Impairment Evaluation Based on P300 Detection. ACM Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems, 2(4), 31. (doi: 10.1145/3140236)

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A new mobile healthcare system for neuro-cognitive function monitoring and treatment is presented. The architecture of the system features sensors to measure the brain potential, localized data analysis and filtering, and in-cloud distribution to specialized medical personnel. As such, it presents tradeoffs typical of other cyber-physical systems, where hardware, algorithms, and software implementations have to come together in a coherent fashion. The system is based on spatio-temporal detection and characterization of a specific brain potential called P300. The diagnosis of cognitive deficit is achieved by analyzing the data collected by the system with a new algorithm called tuned-Residue Iteration Decomposition (t-RIDE). The system has been tested on 17 subjects (n = 12 healthy, n = 3 mildly cognitive impaired, and n = 2 with Alzheimer's disease involved in three different cognitive tasks with increasing difficulty. The system allows fast diagnosis of cognitive deficit, including mild and heavy cognitive impairment: t-RIDE convergence is achieved in 79 iterations (i.e., 1.95s), yielding an 80% accuracy in P300 amplitude evaluation with only 13 trials on a single EEG channel.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Annese, Dr Valerio
Authors: De Venuto, D., Annese, V. F., Mezzina, G., Scioscia, F., Ruta, M., Di Sciascio, E., and Sangiovanni Vincentelli, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:ACM Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems
ISSN (Online):2378-9638
Published Online:01 July 2018

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