Are housing and neighbourhood empowerment beneficial for mental health and wellbeing? Evidence from disadvantaged communities experiencing regeneration

Kearns, A. and Whitley, E. (2020) Are housing and neighbourhood empowerment beneficial for mental health and wellbeing? Evidence from disadvantaged communities experiencing regeneration. SSM - Population Health, 12, 100645. (doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100645) (PMID:33072841) (PMCID:PMC7549141)

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Abstract

Community engagement and empowerment are central to delivery and outcomes from regeneration programmes, yet evidence for health gains in such contexts is sparse and mixed. This study addresses this issue in respect of mental health and wellbeing in disadvantaged communities in the UK, using a sample of 2,862 householders living through housing improvements and regeneration in Glasgow. Feelings of empowerment were more strongly associated with mental wellbeing (WEMWBS) than mental health (SF-12 MCS). Neighbourhood empowerment was more strongly associated with mental wellbeing and mental health than housing empowerment, although its association with mental health disappeared in the period of welfare reform and austerity. Proactive forms of empowerment, such as influencing decisions affecting an area or taking action oneself to improve things, were more strongly associated with mental wellbeing than reactive or passive forms of empowerment. There is much scope to improve feelings of empowerment in disadvantaged communities and to contribute to national objectives to enhance mental wellbeing.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kearns, Professor Ade and Whitley, Dr Elise
Authors: Kearns, A., and Whitley, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:SSM - Population Health
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2352-8273
ISSN (Online):2352-8273
Published Online:20 August 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in SSM - Population Health 12: 100645
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
301367GoWell: Glasgow Community Health and Wellbeing Research and Learning ProgrammeAde KearnsGlasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH)GoWellS&PS - Urban Studies
727651SPHSU Core Renewal: Measuring and Analysing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Research ProgrammeAlastair LeylandMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/13IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
Chief Scientist Office (CSO)SPHSU13