The same or different? Convergence of skin gambling and other gambling among children

Wardle, H. (2019) The same or different? Convergence of skin gambling and other gambling among children. Journal of Gambling Studies, 35(4), pp. 1109-1125. (doi: 10.1007/s10899-019-09840-5) (PMID:30852730) (PMCID:PMC6828622)

221783.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



There is increasing attention on the introduction of gambling-like practices within video games. Termed convergence, this has been explored from the viewpoint of the product, examining similarities in game/gambling mechanics. Understanding convergence of practice is essential to map the epidemiology of these behaviours, especially among children. This paper focuses on the betting of skins within video games to explore co-occurrence with other forms of gambling among British children aged 11–16. Analysing the British Youth Gambling Survey showed that 39% of children who bet on skins in the past month had also gambled on other activities. Betting on skins and other forms of gambling increased with age and concordance of skin gambling/betting was greatest for those who also gambled online. Among gamblers, those who bet skins had higher rates of at-risk and problem gambling than those who did not (23% vs. 8%), though they had a greater breath of gambling involvement. Skin gambling alone was not significantly associated with at-risk gambling when other forms of gambling activity were taken into account. Skin betting and gambling on other activities cluster together, especially where the medium underpinning the behaviours is the same. Children who engage in both skin gambling/betting and other forms of gambling should be considered at-risk for the experience of harms because of their heightened engagement in gambling and gambling-like activities.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This paper was funded by Wellcome, Grant No. 200306/Z/15/Z.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wardle, Professor Heather
Authors: Wardle, H.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Gambling Studies
ISSN (Online):1573-3602
Published Online:09 March 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Author
First Published:First published in Journal of Gambling Studies 35(4): 1109-1125
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record