Coronary microvascular disease

Purnama Sidik, N., McCartney, P. and Berry, C. (2019) Coronary microvascular disease. In: Touyz, R. M. and Delles, C. (eds.) Textbook of Vascular Medicine. Springer: Cham, pp. 269-273. ISBN 9783030164805 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-16481-2_25)

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Abnormalities in the function and structure of the coronary microcirculation can occur in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). In clinical practice, a significant proportion of patients with chest pain do not have obstructive CAD, and approximately 30–50% of these patients are believed to have coronary microvascular disease (CMD). CMD is typically defined as an inadequate increase in coronary blood flow during stress due to impaired vasodilatation of the arterioles or increased resistance in the coronary microvasculature. The diagnosis of CMD involves the assessment of microvascular function, which is determined by coronary flow reserve (CFR) and/or myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR). The causes and pathophysiology of CMD are not well understood, and thus its treatment mainly consists of the more established treatment strategies of CAD.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McCartney, Dr Peter and Purnama Sidik, Dr Novalia and Berry, Professor Colin
Authors: Purnama Sidik, N., McCartney, P., and Berry, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Published Online:03 August 2019

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