Transformation cosmology

Chen, H., Tao, S., Bělín, J. , Courtial, J. and Miao, R.-X. (2020) Transformation cosmology. Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 102(2), 023528. (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.102.023528)

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Recent observation of black hole and gravitational wave has stirred up great interest of Einstein’s general relativity. In optical system, the “optical black hole” has also been a key topic in mimicking black holes. Another good way to study or mimic general relativity effects is based on transformation optics. In this paper, we propose a way by utilizing transformation optics theory to directly obtain the equivalent isotropic refractive index profiles which are the analogies of some static spaces of general relativity, such as de Sitter space, Anti de Sitter space, and Schwarzschild black hole. We find that, the analogue of de Sitter space is the Poincaré disk, while Anti de Sitter space is equivalent to Maxwell’s fish eye lens. In particular, we prove that the “optical black hole” actually has infinite number of photon spheres, while our black hole only has a single one, which is closer to the real black hole. We study the effect from both geometric optics and wave optics. It can also be generalized to mimic any kind of metrics. Furthermore, with the isotropic refractivity index profile, we visualize the gravitational lensing effect of black hole from our software TIM. The image not only recovers the donut-liked halo of black hole, but also shows other phenomena.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Courtial, Dr Johannes and Belin, Mr Jakub
Authors: Chen, H., Tao, S., Bělín, J., Courtial, J., and Miao, R.-X.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):1094-1622
Published Online:24 August 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 American Physical Society
First Published:First published in Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 102(2):023528
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
172865EPSRC DTP 16/17 and 17/18Tania GalabovaEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/N509668/1Research and Innovation Services