Hyperbranched quasi-1d nanostructures for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

Passoni, L. et al. (2013) Hyperbranched quasi-1d nanostructures for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. ACS Nano, 7(11), pp. 10023-10031. (doi: 10.1021/nn403979h) (PMID:24180577)

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In this work we demonstrate hyperbranched nanostructures, grown by pulsed laser deposition, composed of one-dimensional anatase single crystals assembled in arrays of high aspect ratio hierarchical mesostructures. The proposed growth mechanism relies on a two-step process: self-assembly from the gas phase of amorphous TiO2 clusters in a forest of tree-shaped hierarchical mesostructures with high aspect ratio; oriented crystallization of the branches upon thermal treatment. Structural and morphological characteristics can be optimized to achieve both high specific surface area for optimal dye uptake and broadband light scattering thanks to the microscopic feature size. Solid-state dye sensitized solar cells fabricated with arrays of hyperbranched TiO2 nanostructures on FTO-glass sensitized with D102 dye showed a significant 66% increase in efficiency with respect to a reference mesoporous photoanode and reached a maximum efficiency of 3.96% (among the highest reported for this system). This result was achieved mainly thanks to an increase in photogenerated current directly resulting from improved light harvesting efficiency of the hierarchical photoanode. The proposed photoanode overcomes typical limitations of 1D TiO2 nanostructures applied to ss-DSC and emerges as a promising foundation for next-generation high-efficiency solid-state devices comprosed of dyes, polymers, or quantum dots as sensitizers.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Docampo, Dr Pablo
Authors: Passoni, L., Ghods, F., Docampo, P., Abrusci, A., Martí-Rujas, J., Ghidelli, M., Divitini, G., Ducati, C., Binda, M., Guarnera, S., Li Bassi, A., Casari, C. S., Snaith, H. J., Petrozza, A., and Di Fonzo, F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:ACS Nano
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):1936-086X
Published Online:01 November 2013

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