Group 10 metal dithiolene bis(isonitrile) complexes: synthesis, structures, properties and reactivity

Obanda, A., Valerius, K., Mague, J. T., Sproules, S. and Donahue, J. P. (2020) Group 10 metal dithiolene bis(isonitrile) complexes: synthesis, structures, properties and reactivity. Organometallics, 39(15), pp. 2854-2870. (doi: 10.1021/acs.organomet.0c00375)

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The reaction of [(Ph2C2S2)2M] (M = Ni2+, Pd2+, Pt2+) with 2 equiv of RN≡C (R = Me (a), Bn (b), Cy (c), tBu (d), 1-Ad (e), Ph (f)) yields [(Ph2C2S2)M(C≡NR)2] (M = Ni2+, 4a–f; M = Pd2+, 5a–f; M = Pt2+, 6a–f), which are air-stable and amenable to chromatographic purification. All members have been characterized crystallographically. Structurally, progressively greater planarity tends to be manifested as M varies from Ni to Pt, and a modest decrease in the C≡N bond length of coordinated C≡NR appears in moving from Ni toward Pt. Vibrational spectroscopy (CH2Cl2 solution) reveals νC≡N frequencies for [(Ph2C2S2)M(C≡NR)2] that are substantially higher than those for free C≡NR and increase as M ranges from Ni to Pt. This trend is interpreted as arising from an increasingly positive charge at M that stabilizes the linear, charge-separated resonance form of the ligand over the bent form with lowered C–N bond order. UV–vis spectra reveal lowest energy transitions that are assigned as HOMO (dithiolene π) → LUMO (M–L σ*) excitations. One-electron oxidations of [(Ph2C2S2)M(C≡NR)2] are observed at ∼+0.5 V due to Ph2C2S22– → Ph2C2S–S• + e–. Chemical oxidation of [(Ph2C2S2)Pt(C≡NtBu)2] with [(Br-p-C6H4)3N][SbCl6] yields [(Ph2C2S–S•)Pt(C≡NtBu)2]+, identified spectroscopically, but in the crystalline state [[(Ph2C2S–S•)Pt(C≡NtBu)2]2]2+ prevails, which forms via axial Pt···S interactions and pyramidalization at the metal. Complete substitution of MeNC from [(Ph2C2S2)Ni(C≡NMe)2] by 2,6-Me2py under forcing conditions yields [(2,6-Me2py)Ni(μ2-η1,η1-S′,η1-S″-S2C2Ph2)]2 (8), which features a folded Ni2S2 core. In most cases, isocyanide substitution from [(Ph2C2S2)M(C≡NMe)2] with monodentate ligands (L = phosphine, CN–, carbene) leads to [(Ph2C2S2)M(L)(C≡NMe)]n (n = 0, 1−), wherein νC≡N varies according to the relative σ-donating power of L (9–21). The use of 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (IPr) provides [(Ph2C2S2)M(IPr)(C≡NMe)] for M = Ni (18), Pd (19), but for Pt, attack by IPr at the isocyanide carbon occurs to yield the unusual η1,κC-ketenimine complex [(Ph2C2S2)Pt(C(NMe)(IPr))(C≡NMe)] (20).

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sproules, Dr Stephen
Authors: Obanda, A., Valerius, K., Mague, J. T., Sproules, S., and Donahue, J. P.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Organometallics
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):1520-6041
Published Online:30 July 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in Organometallics 39(15):2854–2870
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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