Cold region hydrologic models and applications

Park, H., Dibike, Y., Su, F. and Shi, X. J. (2020) Cold region hydrologic models and applications. In: Yang, D. and Kane, D. (eds.) Arctic Hydrology, Permafrost and Ecosystems. Springer, pp. 763-794. ISBN 9783030509286 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-50930-9)

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Over the recent decades, the warming in Arctic has affected changes in the terrestrial hydrologic processes. Unfortunately, the number of hydrometeorological observing stations in the region has decreased. To reduce the limitation in observation, a number of process-based and distributed models have been developed for simulating the hydrological processes in a changing climate. The current generations of models are able to reasonably reproduce the prominent cold region hydrologic processes, such as degrading permafrost, decreasing snow extent, increasing river discharge and evapotranspiration, and increasing streamflow temperature. These models enhance our understanding of the response of Arctic terrestrial processes to climate change and variation. However, the model representations for some of the Arctic hydrological processes are still not yet sufficient and need further improvements. This chapter provides an overview of changes in key processes and conditions of the Arctic terrestrial hydrology based on a synthesis of observations and model simulations, and presents recommendations for further development and improvement of cold region hydrologic models.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shi, Dr John Xiaogang
Authors: Park, H., Dibike, Y., Su, F., and Shi, X. J.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social & Environmental Sustainability
Published Online:29 August 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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