Contactless visualization of fast charge carrier diffusion in hybrid halide perovskite thin films

Handloser, K., Giesbrecht, N., Bein, T., Docampo, P. , Handloser, M. and Hartschuh, A. (2016) Contactless visualization of fast charge carrier diffusion in hybrid halide perovskite thin films. ACS Photonics, 3(2), pp. 255-261. (doi: 10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00562)

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Organic–inorganic metal halide perovskite solar cells have recently attracted considerable attention with reported device efficiencies approaching those achieved in polycrystalline silicon. Key for an efficient extraction of photogenerated carriers is the combination of low nonradiative relaxation rates leading to long carrier lifetimes and rapid diffusive transport. The latter, however, is difficult to assess directly with reported values varying widely. Here, we present an experimental approach for a contactless visualization of the charge carrier diffusion length and velocity in thin films based on time-resolved confocal detection of photoluminescence at varying distances from the excitation position. Our measurements on chloride-treated methylammonium lead iodide thin films, the material for which the highest solar cell efficiencies have been reported, reveal a charge carrier diffusion length of 5.5–7.7 μm and a transport time of 100 ps for the first micrometer corresponding to a diffusion constant of about 5–10 cm2 s–1, similar to GaAs thin films.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:We acknowledge financial support from Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM) and from the Bavarian research network SolTech. P.D. gratefully acknowledges support from the European Union through the award of a Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship. The authors acknowledge funding from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the agreement number 01162525/1.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Docampo, Dr Pablo
Authors: Handloser, K., Giesbrecht, N., Bein, T., Docampo, P., Handloser, M., and Hartschuh, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:ACS Photonics
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):2330-4022
Published Online:27 January 2016
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