An exercise intervention to prevent falls in Parkinson’s : an economic evaluation

Fletcher, E., Goodwin, V. A., Richards, S. H., Campbell, J. L. and Taylor, R. S. (2012) An exercise intervention to prevent falls in Parkinson’s : an economic evaluation. BMC Health Services Research, 12, 426. (doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-426) (PMID:23176532) (PMCID:PMC3560229)

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Background People with Parkinson’s (PwP) experience frequent and recurrent falls. As these falls may have devastating consequences, there is an urgent need to identify cost-effective interventions with the potential to reduce falls in PwP. The purpose of this economic evaluation is to compare the costs and cost-effectiveness of a targeted exercise programme versus usual care for PwP who were at risk of falling. Methods One hundred and thirty participants were recruited through specialist clinics, primary care and Parkinson’s support groups and randomised to either an exercise intervention or usual care. Health and social care utilisation and health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) were assessed over the 20 weeks of the study (ten-week intervention period and ten-week follow up period), and these data were complete for 93 participants. Incremental cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY) was estimated. The uncertainty around costs and QALYs was represented using cost-effectiveness acceptability curves. Results The mean cost of the intervention was £76 per participant. Although in direction of favour of exercise intervention, there was no statistically significant differences between groups in total healthcare (−£128, 95% CI: -734 to 478), combined health and social care costs (£-35, 95% CI: -817 to 746) or QALYs (0.03, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.03) at 20 weeks. Nevertheless, exploration of the uncertainty surrounding these estimates suggests there is more than 80% probability that the exercise intervention is a cost-effective strategy relative to usual care. Conclusion Whilst we found no difference between groups in total healthcare, total social care cost and QALYs, analyses indicate that there is high probability that the exercise intervention is cost-effective compared with usual care. These results require confirmation by larger trial-based economic evaluations and over the longer term.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Taylor, Professor Rod
Authors: Fletcher, E., Goodwin, V. A., Richards, S. H., Campbell, J. L., and Taylor, R. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:BMC Health Services Research
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN (Online):1472-6963
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 Fletcher et al.
First Published:First published in BMC Health Services Research 12:426
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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