IL-4 receptor dependent expansion of lung CD169+ macrophages in microfilaria-driven inflammation

Fercoq, F., Remion, E., Frohberger, S. J., Vallarino-Lhermitte, N., Hoerauf, A., Le Quesne, J., Landmann, F., Hübner, M. P., Carlin, L. M. and Martin, C. (2019) IL-4 receptor dependent expansion of lung CD169+ macrophages in microfilaria-driven inflammation. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 13(8), e0007691. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007691) (PMID:31469835) (PMCID:PMC6742411)

[img]
Preview
Text
218588.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

7MB

Abstract

Lung disease is regularly reported in human filarial infections but the molecular pathogenesis of pulmonary filariasis is poorly understood. We used Litomosoides sigmodontis, a rodent filaria residing in the pleural cavity responsible for pleural inflammation, to model responses to human filarial infections and probe the mechanisms. Wild-type and Th2-deficient mice (ΔdblGata1 and Il-4receptor(r)a-/-/IL-5-/-) were infected with L. sigmodontis. Survival and growth of adult filariae and prevalence and density of microfilariae were evaluated. Cells and cytokines in the pleural cavity and bronchoalveolar space were characterized by imaging, flow cytometry and ELISA. Inflammatory pathways were evaluated by transcriptomic microarrays and lungs were isolated and analyzed for histopathological signatures. 40% of WT mice were amicrofilaremic whereas almost all mutant mice display blood microfilaremia. Microfilariae induced pleural, bronchoalveolar and lung-tissue inflammation associated with an increase in bronchoalveolar eosinophils and perivascular macrophages, production of mucus, visceral pleura alterations and fibrosis. Inflammation and pathology were decreased in Th2-deficient mice. An IL-4R-dependent increase of CD169 was observed on pleural and bronchoalveolar macrophages in microfilaremic mice. CD169+ tissue-resident macrophages were identified in the lungs with specific localizations. Strikingly, CD169+ macrophages increased significantly in the perivascular area in microfilaremic mice. These data describe lung inflammation and pathology in chronic filariasis and emphasize the role of Th2 responses according to the presence of microfilariae. It is also the first report implicating CD169+ lung macrophages in response to a Nematode infection.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding: CM is grateful for funding from the “Programme Procope Campus France” (35467XE) and from core funding from the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle. FF and ER are recipients of a PhD fellowship from the “Ecole doctorale 227 (MNHN/UPMC)”. LMC is grateful for funding from, the Medical Research Council (MR/M01245X/1), Imperial College London, the NHLI Foundation, and core funding from Cancer Research UK; Microscopy was performed in the Imperial College Facility for Imaging by Light Microscopy (FILM) part supported by the Wellcome Trust (104931/Z/14/Z) and BBSRC (grant BB/L015129/1), and the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute Beatson Advanced Imaging Resource (BAIR).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Le Quesne, Professor John
Creator Roles:
Le Quesne, J.Formal analysis, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Fercoq, F., Remion, E., Frohberger, S. J., Vallarino-Lhermitte, N., Hoerauf, A., Le Quesne, J., Landmann, F., Hübner, M. P., Carlin, L. M., and Martin, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Publisher:PLOS
ISSN:1935-2727
ISSN (Online):1935-2735
Published Online:30 August 2019
Copyright Holders:© 2019 Fercoq et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS Negl Trop Dis 13(8): e0007691
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record