Culture and the understanding of advanced heart failure: a mixed-methods systematic review

Alassoud, B., Johnston, B. and Hogg, K. (2020) Culture and the understanding of advanced heart failure: a mixed-methods systematic review. Collegian, 27(4), pp. 459-470. (doi: 10.1016/j.colegn.2020.02.008)

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Background: Cultural values and beliefs influence understanding of health and illness, but we do not know their impact on patients’ understanding of advanced heart failure. Aims: We explore how culture influences the understanding of advanced heart failure for patients and their family members, and how culture influences the adoption of healthy behaviours. Method/Data Sources In this mixed-methods systematic review, we systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane CENTRAL with no time limits using relevant MESH terms and keywords. Papers were themed, synthesised, and grouped into domains. The theoretical framewok PEN-3 was used to underpin the findings. Findings: We screened the full-text of 194 studies and found 13 articles eligible; of which six were qualitative studies, five quantitative and two were mixed-method studies. In these studies, patients’ understanding of, and response to, symptoms were strongly linked to cultural beliefs. Patients from Eastern and Middle Eastern countries somatised symptoms more than those from Western cultures. Patients from Western cultures reported higher symptom distress scores. Peoples’ cultural beliefs about health and disease inform lay knowledge of heart failure diagnosis, causes, treatment and self-management and influence their healthcare decisions and behaviours. Conclusion: We found that health care practice and research in heart failure has not previously been influenced by culture. People with heart failure and their family members could be helped better by health care practitioners if their cultural values and beliefs were integrated into health care practice and policy. We argue that this is essential for the successful development of culturally competent care interventions for all people with advanced heart failure.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Alassoud, Bahaa and Hogg, Dr Karen and Johnston, Professor Bridget
Authors: Alassoud, B., Johnston, B., and Hogg, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Nursing and Health Care
Journal Name:Collegian
ISSN (Online):1876-7575
Published Online:14 May 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Crown Copyright
First Published:First published in Collegian 27(4): 459-470
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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