A gender-sensitised weight-loss and healthy living program for men with overweight and obesity in Australian Football League settings (Aussie-FIT): a pilot randomised controlled trial

Kwasnicka, D. et al. (2020) A gender-sensitised weight-loss and healthy living program for men with overweight and obesity in Australian Football League settings (Aussie-FIT): a pilot randomised controlled trial. PLoS Medicine, 17(8), e1003136. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003136) (PMID:32760144) (PMCID:PMC7410214)

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Background: Recent evidence shows that sport settings can act as a powerful draw to engage men in weight loss. The primary objective of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of delivering and to evaluate preliminary efficacy of Aussie-FIT, a weight-loss program for men with overweight/obesity delivered in Australian Football League (AFL) settings, in preparation for a future definitive trial. Methods and findings: This 6-month pilot trial took place in Perth, Australia. Participants were overweight/obese (Body Mass Index [BMI] ≥ 28 kg/m2), middle-aged (35–65 years old) men. Participants were recruited in May 2018, and the intervention took place between June and December 2018. The intervention involved 12 weekly 90-min face-to-face sessions, incorporating physical activity, nutrition, and behaviour change information and practical activities delivered by coaches at 2 clubs. Data were collected at baseline and immediately postintervention. For trial feasibility purposes, 6-month follow-ups were completed. Outcomes were differences in weight loss (primary outcome) and recruitment and retention rates, self-reported measures (for example, psychological well-being), device-measured physical activity, waist size, and blood pressure at 3 months. Within 3 days of advertising at each club, 426 men registered interest; 306 (72%) were eligible. Men were selected on a first-come first-served basis (n = 130; M age = 45.8, SD = 8; M BMI = 34.48 kg/m2, SD = 4.87) and randomised by a blinded researcher. Trial retention was 86% and 63% at 3- and 6-month follow-ups (respectively). No adverse events were reported. At 3 months, mean difference in weight between groups, adjusted for baseline weight and group, was 3.3 kg (95% CI 1.9, 4.8) in favour of the intervention group (p < 0.001). The intervention group’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was higher than the control group by 8.54 min/day (95% CI 1.37, 15.71, p = 0.02). MVPA among men attracted to Aussie-FIT was high at baseline (intervention arm 35.61 min/day, control arm 38.38 min/day), which may have limited the scope for improvement. Conclusions: Aussie-FIT was feasible to deliver; participants increased physical activity, decreased weight, and reported improvements in other outcomes. Issues with retention were a limitation of this trial. In a future, fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT), retention could be improved by conducting assessments outside of holiday seasons. Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12617000515392.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wyke, Professor Sally and Gray, Professor Cindy and Hunt, Professor Kathryn
Creator Roles:
Hunt, K.Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Gray, C. M.Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Wyke, S.Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Kwasnicka, D., Ntoumanis, N., Hunt, K., Gray, C. M., Newton, R. U., Gucciardi, D. F., Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C., Olson, J. L., McVeigh, J., Kerr, D. A., Wyke, S., Morgan, P. J., Robinson, S., Makate, M., and Quested, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:PLoS Medicine
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN (Online):1549-1676
Published Online:06 August 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Kwasnicka et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS Medicine 17(8): e1003136
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
656581Gender and HealthKathryn HuntMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/3HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
190418Can a gender-sensitised weight management programme delivered by Scottish Premier League Football Clubs help men lose weight? A feasibility study for a randomised closed trialSally WykeOffice of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSO)CZG/2/504S&PS - Institute of Health & Wellbeing (Social Sciences)
190450Football Fans in Training (FFIT):a randomized controlled trial of a gender-sensitive weight loss and healthy living programme delivered to men aged 35-60 by Scottish Premier League football clubsSally WykeNational Institute for Health Research (NIHR)09/3010/06S&PS - Institute of Health & Wellbeing (Social Sciences)