Squeezing a drop of nematic liquid crystal with strong elasticity effects

Cousins, J.R.L. , Wilson, S.K., Mottram, N.J. , Wilkes, D. and Weegels, L. (2019) Squeezing a drop of nematic liquid crystal with strong elasticity effects. Physics of Fluids, 31(8), 083107. (doi: 10.1063/1.5110878)

213487.pdf - Published Version



The One Drop Filling (ODF) method is widely used for the industrial manufacture of liquid crystal devices. Motivated by the need for a better fundamental understanding of the reorientation of the molecules due to the flow of the liquid crystal during this manufacturing method, we formulate and analyze a squeeze-film model for the ODF method. Specifically, we consider a nematic squeeze film in the asymptotic regime in which the drop is thin, inertial effects are weak, and elasticity effects are strong for four specific anchoring cases at the top plate and the substrate (namely, planar, homeotropic, hybrid aligned nematic, and π-cell infinite anchoring conditions) and for two different scenarios for the motion of the top plate (namely, prescribed speed and prescribed force). Analytical expressions for the leading- and first-order director angles, radial velocity, vertical velocity, and pressure are obtained. Shear and couple stresses at the top plate and the substrate are calculated and are interpreted in terms of the effect that flow may have on the alignment of the molecules at the plates, potentially leading to the formation of spurious optical defects (“mura”).

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the United Kingdom Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the University of Strathclyde, and Merck KGaA (via EPSRC research Grant No. EP/P51066X/1).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mottram, Professor Nigel and Cousins, Dr Joseph
Authors: Cousins, J.R.L., Wilson, S.K., Mottram, N.J., Wilkes, D., and Weegels, L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Journal Name:Physics of Fluids
Publisher:AIP Publishing
ISSN (Online):1089-7666
Published Online:22 August 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 AIP Publishing
First Published:First published in Physics of Fluids 31(8): 083107
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record