Modulated self-assembly of metal-organic frameworks

Forgan, R. S. (2020) Modulated self-assembly of metal-organic frameworks. Chemical Science, 11(18), pp. 4546-4562. (doi: 10.1039/D0SC01356K)

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Exercising fine control over the synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is key to ensuring reproducibility of physical properties such as crystallinity, particle size, morphology, porosity, defectivity, and surface chemistry. The principle of modulated self-assembly – incorporation of modulator molecules into synthetic mixtures – has emerged as the primary means to this end. This perspective article will detail the development of modulated synthesis, focusing primarily on coordination modulation, from a technique initially intended to cap the growth of MOF crystals to one that is now used regularly to enhance crystallinity, control particle size, induce defectivity and select specific phases. The various mechanistic driving forces will be discussed, as well as the influence of modulation on physical properties and how this can facilitate potential applications. Modulation is also increasingly being used to exert kinetic control over self-assembly; examples of phase selection and the development of new protocols to induce this will be provided. Finally, the application of modulated self-assembly to alternative materials will be discussed, and future perspectives on the area given.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Forgan, Professor Ross
Authors: Forgan, R. S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Chemical Science
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN (Online):2041-6539
Published Online:06 April 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Royal Society of Chemistry
First Published:First published in Chemical Science 11(18): 4546-4562
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
172845SCoTMOFRoss ForganEuropean Research Council (ERC)677289Chemistry