Autarky, market creation and innovation: Snia Viscosa and Saici, 1933-1970

Cerretano, V. (2022) Autarky, market creation and innovation: Snia Viscosa and Saici, 1933-1970. Business History, 64(6), pp. 1110-1130. (doi: 10.1080/00076791.2020.1750599)

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This article reviews the history of Snia Viscosa and its moves into the production of staple fibres and cellulose (as well as allied chemicals) between 1933 and 1970. This is a neglected but crucial episode in the business as well as industrial history of Italy and feeds into a variety of debates, most notably the nature and impact of autarky. This article confirms that autarky stimulated innovation via scale economies rather than a demand-induced effect. It also seems to show that, while redistributing resources also towards giant firms not directly involved in the war effort, autarky led to an overexpansion of technologies which were overtaken by wholly synthetic fibres, in the production of which Snia Viscosa lagged behind. One strength of the article lies in its extensive sources.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cerretano, Dr Valerio
Authors: Cerretano, V.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
Journal Name:Business History
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN (Online):1743-7938
Published Online:13 May 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Informa UK Limited
First Published:First published in Business History 64(6): 1110-1130
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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