Resilience in Critical Care Nurses: an Exploratory Analysis of Data from the ‘WellNesS’ Feasibility Study

McCallum, L. , Jones, M. and Rattray, J. (2018) Resilience in Critical Care Nurses: an Exploratory Analysis of Data from the ‘WellNesS’ Feasibility Study. 33rd Annual British Association of Critical Care Nurses Conference, Bournemouth, UK, 17-18 Sep 2018.

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Background: Resilience is a personal resource allowing individuals to succeed despite adverse circumstances. Critical care nurses (CCNs) with higher resilience have a lower prevalence of emotional exhaustion (EE), a component of burnout syndrome. Job resources are components of the job that enable an employee to achieve work goals and minimise job demands. There is a need to observe the effect of job resources on EE in CCNs, whilst examining whether resilience buffers this relationship. Aim: To observe the relationship between job resources and EE in CCNs, whilst examining the influence of resilience on this relationship. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study from two UK intensive care units. Participants were invited to complete a range of questionnaires. Job resources (autonomy’ and ‘feedback from supervisor) were assessed using the Questionnaire on the Experience and Evaluation of Work 2.0 (Van Veldhoven et al 2015). Resilience was assessed using the Connor Davidson-Resilience Scale (Connor & Davidson, 2003) and the outcome measure EE was captured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Scale (Maslach & Jackson, 1981). Cronbach’s alpha assessed reliability of scales. Relationships between variables were explored using Pearson product-moment correlation. Results: The response rate was low (24%; n=54), but completion rates were excellent (99.5%). Internal consistency of scales was excellent (α =.743-.905). All job resource variables correlated significantly with EE and resilience. For example, high levels of ‘feedback from supervisors’ were related to decreased EE (r=.326, p=.016). High levels of ‘feedback from supervisor’ were associated with increased resilience. Resilience was related to EE, but this was not significant (r=-.249, p=.070). Conclusion: The influence of ‘resilience’ on the relationship between job resources and EE could not be tested due to the small sample size. The results indicate that this is worthy of further exploration in a larger sample of CCNs.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Keywords:Job resources, personal resources, emotional exhaustion, burnout, resilience, critical care nurses, feasibility study.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McCallum, Dr Louise
Authors: McCallum, L., Jones, M., and Rattray, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Nursing and Health Care
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