Synthesis and catalytic performance of cesium and potassium salts of aluminum substituted tungstoborate for pyrolysis of polyethylene waste to petrochemical feedstock

Attique, S., Batool, M., Yaqub, M., Gregory, D. , Wilson, C. , Goerke, O. and Shah, A. T. (2020) Synthesis and catalytic performance of cesium and potassium salts of aluminum substituted tungstoborate for pyrolysis of polyethylene waste to petrochemical feedstock. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 246, 122781. (doi: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2020.122781)

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Abstract

Polyoxometalates have gained considerable attention as a catalyst. Herein, we are reporting tungstoborate based catalysts for the conversion of waste polyethylene to liquid fuel. Novel cesium and potassium salts of aluminum substituted tungstoborate Keggin compounds were synthesized by a simple one-pot method and successfully characterized by FTIR, SEM-EDX, thermal analysis, NMR and single-crystal XRD. Catalytic cracking of waste polyethylene by using our prepared aluminum substituted catalysts (CsAB) showed 97% polymer conversion producing80 wt% of liquid hydrocarbons with a negligible amount of solid residue (∼3 wt%), significantly lower compared to thermal cracking where 22 wt% residue was produced. The oil collected at optimum reaction conditions (0.5 catalyst/polymer ratio and 3 h reaction time) was subjected to GC-MS analysis. The results showed that oil produced in catalytic cracking has a high selectivity to gasoline range hydrocarbons while thermal cracking showed selectivity to higher hydrocarbons (C13–C26). Olefin selectivity was also more prominent in catalytic cracking. Hence cesium and potassium salts of aluminum substituted tungstoborate are excellent catalysts for acid-catalyzed polymer cracking reactions to produce value-added petrochemicals.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:International Foundation of Science (IFS) is acknowledged for fully funding this project for performing the experiments by a grant (F/5375-1). We are also grateful to the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for providing Indigenous Ph.D. Scholarship and IRSIP scholarship to conduct part of this collaborative research at the University of Glasgow, UK.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wilson, Dr Claire and Attique, Saira and Gregory, Professor Duncan
Authors: Attique, S., Batool, M., Yaqub, M., Gregory, D., Wilson, C., Goerke, O., and Shah, A. T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Materials Chemistry and Physics
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0254-0584
ISSN (Online):1879-3312
Published Online:08 February 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Materials Chemistry and Physics 246:122781
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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