Evaluation of sex differences on mitochondrial bioenergetics and apoptosis in mice

Sanz., A., Hiona, A., Kujoth, G., Seo, A., Hofer, T., Kouwenhoven, E., Kalani, R., Prolla, T., Barja, G. and Leeuwenburgh, C. (2007) Evaluation of sex differences on mitochondrial bioenergetics and apoptosis in mice. Experimental Gerontology, 42(3), pp. 173-182. (doi:10.1016/j.exger.2006.10.003)

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Abstract

It has been postulated that the differences in longevity observed between organisms of different sexes within a species can be attributed to differences in oxidative stress. It is generally accepted that differences are due to the higher female estrogen levels. However, in some species males live the same or longer despite their lower estrogen values. Therefore, in the present study, we analyze key parameters of mitochondrial bioenergetics, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the B6 (C57Bl/6J) mouse strain. There are no differences in longevity between males and females in this mouse strain, although estrogen levels are higher in females. We did not find any differences in heart, skeletal muscle and liver mitochondrial oxygen consumption (State 3 and State 4) and ATP content between male and female mice. Moreover, mitochondrial H2O2 generation and oxidative stress levels determined by cytosolic protein carbonyls and concentration of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine in mitochondrial DNA were similar in both sexes. In addition, markers of apoptosis (caspase-3, caspase-9 and mono- and oligonucleosomes: the apoptosis index) were not different between male and female mice. These data show that there are no differences in mitochondrial bioenergetics, oxidative stress and apoptosis due to gender in this mouse strain according with the lack of differences in longevity. These results support the Mitochondrial Free Radical Theory of Aging, and indicate that oxidative stress generation independent of estrogen levels determines aging rate.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sanz Montero, Professor Alberto
Authors: Sanz., A., Hiona, A., Kujoth, G., Seo, A., Hofer, T., Kouwenhoven, E., Kalani, R., Prolla, T., Barja, G., and Leeuwenburgh, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Experimental Gerontology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0531-5565

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