Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species: Do they extend or shorten animal lifespan?

Sanz, A. (2016) Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species: Do they extend or shorten animal lifespan? Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Bioenergetics, 1857(8), pp. 1116-1126. (doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2016.03.018) (PMID:26997500)

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Abstract

Testing the predictions of the Mitochondrial Free Radical Theory of Ageing (MFRTA) has provided a deep understanding of the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondria in the aging process. However those data, which support MFRTA are in the majority correlative (e.g. increasing oxidative damage with age). In contrast the majority of direct experimental data contradict MFRTA (e.g. changes in ROS levels do not alter longevity as expected). Unfortunately, in the past, ROS measurements have mainly been performed using isolated mitochondria, a method which is prone to experimental artifacts and does not reflect the complexity of the in vivo process. New technology to study different ROS (e.g. superoxide or hydrogen peroxide) in vivo is now available; these new methods combined with state-of-the-art genetic engineering technology will allow a deeper interrogation of, where, when and how free radicals affect aging and pathological processes. In fact data that combine these new approaches, indicate that boosting mitochondrial ROS in lower animals is a way to extend both healthy and maximum lifespan. In this review, I discuss the latest literature focused on the role of mitochondrial ROS in aging, and how these new discoveries are helping to better understand the role of mitochondria in health and disease.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This article is part of a Special Issue entitled ‘EBEC 2016: 19th European Bioenergetics Conference, Riva del Garda, Italy, July 2–6, 2016’, edited by Prof. Paolo Bernardi.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sanz Montero, Professor Alberto
Authors: Sanz, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Bioenergetics
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0005-2728
ISSN (Online):0005-2728
Published Online:17 March 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Author
First Published:First published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Bioenergetics 1857(8):1116-1126
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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