Applications of nanofluids in thermal energy transport

Rashidi, S., Hormozi, F., Karimi, N. and Ahmed, W. (2021) Applications of nanofluids in thermal energy transport. In: Ahmed, W., Booth, M. and Nourafkan, E. (eds.) Emerging Nanotechnologies for Renewable Energy. Elsevier, pp. 345-368. ISBN 9780128213469 (doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821346-9.00018-3)

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In recent years, many heat transfer investigations have been conducted to explore the potential applications of so-called “nanofluids.” These are a new class of operating fluids that include one or more types of nanoscale particles dispersed in an ordinary liquid. A large number of experiments and simulations have shown that these fluids have great potential for improving the efficiencies of various thermal systems. Due to the growing practical and scientific significance of nanofluids, this chapter focuses on nanofluid technology and provides a state-of-the-art view of this topic and its engineering applications. First, different mechanisms of heat transfer improvement by nanofluids are briefly discussed. Then, descriptions of the thermophysical properties and stability of some modern nanofluids, including magnetic nanofluids, graphene nanofluids, hybrid nanofluids, and carbon nanotube-based nanofluids, are provided. In the third part, the applications of nanofluids in advanced thermal systems such as thermosyphons, electronics cooling modules, heat pipes, microchannel heat sinks, heat exchangers, and refrigeration systems are reviewed. Finally, the last section of the chapter puts forward a summary and prospective of future research directions.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Rashidi, S., Hormozi, F., Karimi, N., and Ahmed, W.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Published Online:19 February 2021

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