Using carbon isotopes to fight the rise in fraudulent whisky

Cook, G. T. , Dunbar, E. , Tripney, B. G. and Fabel, D. (2020) Using carbon isotopes to fight the rise in fraudulent whisky. Radiocarbon, 62(1), pp. 51-62. (doi: 10.1017/RDC.2019.153)

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A major threat to the Scotch whisky industry is the sale of counterfeit single malt whiskies with purported distillation years in the 19th and early- to mid-20th centuries. However, these are often much more recent spirits, distilled in the latter part of the 20th or first part of the 21st centuries. These sales impinge upon the reputation of auction houses, retailers, brand owners and distillers. The atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons in the 1950s and early 1960s has enabled a precise calibration curve to be created, however, there are several reasons why this may not be appropriate for establishing the year of whisky distillation. We have created a 14C calibration curve derived from known-age, single malt whiskies for the period 1950–2015 that enables whisky distilled during the period from 1955 onwards to have the distillation year determined to within 1–3 years for certain periods. However, because of the shape of the curve, two possible age ranges are often possible. The correct range can often be determined from a further plot of δ13C values against distillation year, which shows a trend of decreasing values through time. Several examples are given of the determination of both genuine and fake products.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tripney, Dr Brian and Cook, Professor Gordon and Dunbar, Dr Elaine and Fabel, Dr Derek
Authors: Cook, G. T., Dunbar, E., Tripney, B. G., and Fabel, D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Radiocarbon
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN (Online):1945-5755
Published Online:08 January 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
First Published:First published in Radiocarbon 62(1):51-62
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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