Selective admission into stroke unit and patient outcomes: a tale of four cities

Bokhari, F. A.S., Wellwood, I., Rudd, A. G., Langhorne, P. , Dennis, M. S. and Wolfe, C. D.A. (2014) Selective admission into stroke unit and patient outcomes: a tale of four cities. Health Economics Review, 4, 1. (doi:10.1186/2191-1991-4-1) (PMID:24405520) (PMCID:PMC3892120)

204354.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Care of stroke patients costs considerably more in specialized stroke units (SU) compared to care in general medical wards (GMW) but the technology may be cost effective if it leads to significantly improved outcomes. While randomized control trials show better outcomes for stroke patients admitted to SU, observational studies report mixed findings. In this paper we use individual level data from first-ever stroke patients in four European cities and find evidence of selection by the initial severity of stroke into SU in some cities. In these cases, the impact of admission to SU on outcomes is overestimated by multivariate logit models even after controlling for case-mix. However, when the imbalance in patient characteristics and severity of stroke by admission to SU and GMW is adjusted using propensity score methods, the differences in outcomes are no longer statistically significant in most cases. Our analysis explains why earlier studies using observational data have found mixed results on the benefits of admission to SU.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The study was funded by the European Union Fifth Framework. The South London Stroke Register was funded by the Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospitals Charity, the Stanley Thomas Johnson Foundation, the Stroke Association and the NIHR Programme Grant funding (RP-PG-0407-10184) and DH HQIP funding.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Langhorne, Professor Peter
Authors: Bokhari, F. A.S., Wellwood, I., Rudd, A. G., Langhorne, P., Dennis, M. S., and Wolfe, C. D.A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Health Economics Review
Publisher:Springer Open
ISSN (Online):2191-1991
Published Online:09 January 2014
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Bokhari et al.
First Published:First published in Health Economics Review 4(1):1
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record