Improving the detection of individuals at clinical risk for psychosis in the community, primary and secondary care: An integrated evidence-based approach

Fusar-Poli, P., Sullivan, S. A., Shah, J. L. and Uhlhaas, P. J. (2019) Improving the detection of individuals at clinical risk for psychosis in the community, primary and secondary care: An integrated evidence-based approach. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 774. (doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00774) (PMID:31708822) (PMCID:PMC6822017)

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Abstract

Background: The first rate-limiting step for improving outcomes of psychosis through preventive interventions in people at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR-P) is the ability to accurately detect individuals who are at risk for the development of this disorder. Currently, this detection power is sub-optimal. Methods: This is a conceptual and nonsystematic review of the literature, focusing on the work conducted by leading research teams in the field. The results will be structured in the following sections: understanding the CHR-P assessment, validity of the CHR-P as a universal risk state for psychosis, and improving the detection of at-risk individuals in secondary mental health care, in primary care, and in the community. Results: CHR-P instruments can provide adequate prognostic accuracy for the prediction of psychosis provided that they are employed in samples who have undergone risk enrichment during recruitment. This substantially limits their detection power in real-world settings. Furthermore, there is initial evidence that not all cases of psychosis onset are preceded by a CHR-P stage. A transdiagnostic individualized risk calculator could be used to automatically screen secondary mental health care medical notes to detect those at risk of psychosis and refer them to standard CHR-P assessment. Similar risk estimation tools for use in primary care are under development and promise to boost the detection of patients at risk in this setting. To improve the detection of young people who may be at risk of psychosis in the community, it is necessary to adopt digital and/or sequential screening approaches. These solutions are based on recent scientific evidence and have potential for implementation internationally. Conclusions: The best strategy to improve the detection of patients at risk for psychosis is to implement a clinical research program that integrates different but complementary detection approaches across community, primary, and secondary care. These solutions are based on recent scientific advancements in the development of risk estimation tools and e-health approaches and have the potential to be applied across different clinical settings.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Uhlhaas, Professor Peter
Authors: Fusar-Poli, P., Sullivan, S. A., Shah, J. L., and Uhlhaas, P. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Frontiers in Psychiatry
Publisher:Frontiers Media
ISSN:1664-0640
ISSN (Online):1664-0640
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Psychiatry 10:774
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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