Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh

de Roos, B., Roos, N., Mamun, A.-A., Ahmed, T., Sneddon, A. A., Murray, F., Grieve, E. and Little, D. C. (2019) Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. Public Health Nutrition, 22(16), pp. 2941-2949. (doi: 10.1017/S1368980019002295) (PMID:31486355)

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Abstract

Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing food production sectors in many low-income and food-deficit countries with aquatic ecozones. Yet its specific impact on nutrition and livelihood in local communities, where commercial and/or export-orientated aquaculture activities are developed, is largely unknown. The present narrative and argumentative review aims to provide an overview of our current understanding of the connections between aquaculture agroecosystems, local and national fish production, fish consumption patterns and nutrition and health outcomes. The agroecological dynamic in a coastal-estuarine zone, where the aquatic environment ranges from fully saline to freshwater, is complex, with seasonal and annual fluctuations in freshwater supply creating a variable salinity gradient which impacts on aquatic food production and on food production more generally. The local communities living in these dynamic aquatic ecozones are vulnerable to poverty, poor diet and health, while these ecosystems produce highly valuable and nutritious aquatic foods. Policies addressing the specific challenges of risk management of these communities are limited by the sectoral separation of aquatic food production - the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the broader food sector - and public health institutions. Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors wish to acknowledge funding from Immana to write this review. The research of B.d.R. and A.A.S. is supported by the Scottish Government’s Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division (RESAS). N.R. is funded by the University of Copenhagen, A.-A.M. is funded by Noakhali Science and Technology University Bangladesh, T.A. is funded by icddr,b (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh), and F.M. and D.C.L. are funded by the University of Stirling.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Grieve, Miss Eleanor
Authors: de Roos, B., Roos, N., Mamun, A.-A., Ahmed, T., Sneddon, A. A., Murray, F., Grieve, E., and Little, D. C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
Journal Name:Public Health Nutrition
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:1368-9800
ISSN (Online):1475-2727
Published Online:05 September 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Public Health Nutrition 22(16):2941-2949
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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