Keratinocytes can modulate and directly initiate nociceptive responses

Baumbauer, K. M., DeBerry, J. J., Adelman, P. C., Miller, R. H., Hachisuka, J. , Lee, K. H., Ross, S. E., Koerber, H. R., Davis, B. M. and Albers, K. M. (2015) Keratinocytes can modulate and directly initiate nociceptive responses. eLife, 4, e09674. (doi:10.7554/eLife.09674) (PMID:26329459) (PMCID:PMC4576133)

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Abstract

How thermal, mechanical and chemical stimuli applied to the skin are transduced into signals transmitted by peripheral neurons to the CNS is an area of intense study. Several studies indicate that transduction mechanisms are intrinsic to cutaneous neurons and that epidermal keratinocytes only modulate this transduction. Using mice expressing channelrhodopsin (ChR2) in keratinocytes we show that blue light activation of the epidermis alone can produce action potentials (APs) in multiple types of cutaneous sensory neurons including SA1, A-HTMR, CM, CH, CMC, CMH and CMHC fiber types. In loss of function studies, yellow light stimulation of keratinocytes that express halorhodopsin reduced AP generation in response to naturalistic stimuli. These findings support the idea that intrinsic sensory transduction mechanisms in epidermal keratinocytes can directly elicit AP firing in nociceptive as well as tactile sensory afferents and suggest a significantly expanded role for the epidermis in sensory processing.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hachisuka, Dr Junichi
Authors: Baumbauer, K. M., DeBerry, J. J., Adelman, P. C., Miller, R. H., Hachisuka, J., Lee, K. H., Ross, S. E., Koerber, H. R., Davis, B. M., and Albers, K. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:eLife
Publisher:eLife Sciences Publications
ISSN:2050-084X
ISSN (Online):2050-084X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Baumbauer et al.
First Published:First published in eLife 4: e09674
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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