Kappa opioid receptor distribution and function in primary afferents

Snyder, L. M. et al. (2018) Kappa opioid receptor distribution and function in primary afferents. Neuron, 99(6), 1274-1288.e6. (doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2018.08.044) (PMID:30236284)

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Abstract

Primary afferents are known to be inhibited by kappa opioid receptor (KOR) signaling. However, the specific types of somatosensory neurons that express KOR remain unclear. Here, using a newly developed KOR-cre knockin allele, viral tracing, single-cell RT-PCR, and ex vivo recordings, we show that KOR is expressed in several populations of primary afferents: a subset of peptidergic sensory neurons, as well as low-threshold mechanoreceptors that form lanceolate or circumferential endings around hair follicles. We find that KOR acts centrally to inhibit excitatory neurotransmission from KOR-cre afferents in laminae I and III, and this effect is likely due to KOR-mediated inhibition of Ca2+ influx, which we observed in sensory neurons from both mouse and human. In the periphery, KOR signaling inhibits neurogenic inflammation and nociceptor sensitization by inflammatory mediators. Finally, peripherally restricted KOR agonists selectively reduce pain and itch behaviors, as well as mechanical hypersensitivity associated with a surgical incision. These experiments provide a rationale for the use of peripherally restricted KOR agonists for therapeutic treatment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hachisuka, Dr Junichi
Authors: Snyder, L. M., Chiang, M. C., Loeza-Alcocer, E., Omori, Y., Hachisuka, J., Sheahan, T. D., Gale, J. R., Adelman, P. C., Sypek, E. I., Fulton, S. A., Friedman, R. L., Wright, M. C., Duque, M. G., Lee, Y. S., Hu, Z., Huang, H., Cai, X., Meerschaert, K. A., Nagarajan, V., Hirai, T., Scherrer, G., Kaplan, D. H., Porreca, F., Davis, B. M., Gold, M. S., Koerber, H. R., and Ross, S. E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Neuron
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0896-6273
ISSN (Online):1097-4199

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