REVEILLE8 and PSEUDO-REPONSE REGULATOR5 form a negative feedback loop within the Arabidopsis circadian clock

Rawat, R., Takahashi, N., Hsu, P. Y., Jones, M. A. , Schwartz, J., Salemi, M. R., Phinney, B. S. and Harmer, S. L. (2011) REVEILLE8 and PSEUDO-REPONSE REGULATOR5 form a negative feedback loop within the Arabidopsis circadian clock. PLoS Genetics, 7(3), e1001350. (doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1001350) (PMID:21483796) (PMCID:PMC3069099)

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Circadian rhythms provide organisms with an adaptive advantage, allowing them to regulate physiological and developmental events so that they occur at the most appropriate time of day. In plants, as in other eukaryotes, multiple transcriptional feedback loops are central to clock function. In one such feedback loop, the Myb-like transcription factors CCA1 and LHY directly repress expression of the pseudoresponse regulator TOC1 by binding to an evening element (EE) in the TOC1 promoter. Another key regulatory circuit involves CCA1 and LHY and the TOC1 homologs PRR5, PRR7, and PRR9. Purification of EE–binding proteins from plant extracts followed by mass spectrometry led to the identification of RVE8, a homolog of CCA1 and LHY. Similar to these well-known clock genes, expression of RVE8 is circadian-regulated with a dawn phase of expression, and RVE8 binds specifically to the EE. However, whereas cca1 and lhy mutants have short period phenotypes and overexpression of either gene causes arrhythmia, rve8 mutants have long-period and RVE8-OX plants have short-period phenotypes. Light input to the clock is normal in rve8, but temperature compensation (a hallmark of circadian rhythms) is perturbed. RVE8 binds to the promoters of both TOC1 and PRR5 in the subjective afternoon, but surprisingly only PRR5 expression is perturbed by overexpression of RVE8. Together, our data indicate that RVE8 promotes expression of a subset of EE–containing clock genes towards the end of the subjective day and forms a negative feedback loop with PRR5. Thus RVE8 and its homologs CCA1 and LHY function close to the circadian oscillator but act via distinct molecular mechanisms.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health grant GM069418 and National Science Foundation grant 0616179 (SLH).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jones, Dr Matt
Authors: Rawat, R., Takahashi, N., Hsu, P. Y., Jones, M. A., Schwartz, J., Salemi, M. R., Phinney, B. S., and Harmer, S. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:PLoS Genetics
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN (Online):1553-7404
Published Online:31 March 2011
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 Rawat et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS Genetics 7(3): e1001350
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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