Redox non-innocence of thioether crowns: spectroelectrochemistry and electronic structure of formal nickel(III) complexes of aza-thioether macrocycles

Stephen, E. et al. (2011) Redox non-innocence of thioether crowns: spectroelectrochemistry and electronic structure of formal nickel(III) complexes of aza-thioether macrocycles. Chemistry: A European Journal, 17(37), pp. 10246-10258. (doi:10.1002/chem.201100812) (PMID:21837715)

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Abstract

The NiII complexes [Ni([9]aneNS2‐CH3)2]2+ ([9]aneNS2‐CH3=N‐methyl‐1‐aza‐4,7‐dithiacyclononane), [Ni(bis[9]aneNS2‐C2H4)]2+ (bis[9]aneNS2‐C2H4=1,2‐bis‐(1‐aza‐4,7‐dithiacyclononylethane) and [Ni([9]aneS3)2]2+ ([9]aneS3=1,4,7‐trithiacyclononane) have been prepared and can be electrochemically and chemically oxidized to give the formal NiIII products, which have been characterized by X‐ray crystallography, UV/Vis and multi‐frequency EPR spectroscopy. The single‐crystal X‐ray structure of [NiIII([9]aneNS2‐CH3)2](ClO4)6⋅(H5O2)3 reveals an octahedral co‐ordination at the Ni centre, while the crystal structure of [NiIII(bis[9]aneNS2‐C2H4)](ClO4)6⋅(H3O)3⋅ 3H2O exhibits a more distorted co‐ordination. In the homoleptic analogue, [NiIII([9]aneS3)2](ClO4)3, structurally characterized at 30 K, the NiS distances [2.249(6), 2.251(5) and 2.437(2) Å] are consistent with a Jahn–Teller distorted octahedral stereochemistry. [Ni([9]aneNS2‐CH3)2](PF6)2 shows a one‐electron oxidation process in MeCN (0.2 M NBu4PF6, 293 K) at E1/2=+1.10 V versus Fc+/Fc assigned to a formal NiIII/NiII couple. [Ni(bis[9]aneNS2‐C2H4)](PF6)2 exhibits a one‐electron oxidation process at E1/2=+0.98 V and a reduction process at E1/2=−1.25 V assigned to NiII/NiIII and NiII/NiI couples, respectively. The multi‐frequency X‐, L‐, S‐, K‐band EPR spectra of the 3+ cations and their 86.2 % 61Ni‐enriched analogues were simulated. Treatment of the spin Hamiltonian parameters by perturbation theory reveals that the SOMO has 50.6 %, 42.8 % and 37.2 % Ni character in [Ni([9]aneNS2‐CH3)2]3+, [Ni(bis[9]aneNS2‐C2H4)]3+ and [Ni([9]aneS3)2]3+, respectively, consistent with DFT calculations, and reflecting delocalisation of charge onto the S‐thioether centres. EPR spectra for [61Ni([9]aneS3)2]3+ are consistent with a dynamic Jahn–Teller distortion in this compound.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wilson, Dr Claire
Authors: Stephen, E., Huang, D., Shaw, J. L., Blake, A. J., Collison, D., Davies, E. S., Edge, R., Howard, J. A.K., Wilson, C., Wolowska, J., McMaster, J., and Schroder, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Chemistry: A European Journal
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0947-6539
ISSN (Online):1521-3765
Published Online:11 August 2011

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