Double-diffusive transport and thermodynamic analysis of a magnetic microreactor with non-Newtonian biofuel flow

Saeed, A., Karimi, N. , Hunt, G. , Torabi, M. and Mehdizadeh, A. (2020) Double-diffusive transport and thermodynamic analysis of a magnetic microreactor with non-Newtonian biofuel flow. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 140, pp. 917-941. (doi: 10.1007/s10973-019-08629-3)

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Magnetic microfuel-reforming is a promising method of biofuel processing in diesel engines. However, the complex interactions amongst the non-Newtonian biofuel flow, magnetic field and reactor have hindered understanding of their influences upon the transport phenomena in the system. To resolve this issue, the transport of heat and mass in a porous microreactor containing a Casson rheological fluid and subject to a magnetic field is investigated analytically. The system is assumed to host a homogenous and uniformly distributed endothermic/exothermic chemical reaction. Two-dimensional analytical solutions are developed for the temperature and concentration fields as well as the Nusselt number and local entropy generations, and the results are rigorously validated. It is demonstrated that changes in the non-Newtonian characteristics of the fluid and altering the magnetic and thermal radiation properties can lead to bifurcation of temperature gradient on the surface of the porous medium. The general behaviour of such bifurcation is dominated by the exothermicity (or endothermicity) of the chemical reaction in the fluid phase. It is also shown that variations in the Casson fluid parameter and changes in the intensity and incident angle of the magnetic field can modify the Nusselt number considerably. The extent of these modifications is found to be heavily dependent upon the wall thickness and diminishes as the walls become thicker. Further, the total entropy generation is shown to be highly sensitive to the wall thickness and increases by intensifying the magnetic field, provided that the microreactor walls are thin.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hunt, Dr Graeme and Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Saeed, A., Karimi, N., Hunt, G., Torabi, M., and Mehdizadeh, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
ISSN (Online):1572-8943
Published Online:05 August 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 140:917–941
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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