Identification of the histidine residue in Escherichia coli isocitrate lyase that reacts with diethylpyrocarbonate

Rua, J., Robertson, A. G.S. and Nimmo, H. G. (1992) Identification of the histidine residue in Escherichia coli isocitrate lyase that reacts with diethylpyrocarbonate. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology, 1122(2), pp. 212-218. (doi:10.1016/0167-4838(92)90326-9) (PMID:1643095)

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Abstract

Escherichia coli isocitrate lyase was inactivated by diethylpyrocarbonate in a pseudo-first-order process. The enzyme was completely inactivated by modification of a single histidine residue, but slower modification of further residues also occurred. The substrate, isocitrate, and products, glyoxylate and succinate, protected against inactivation by diethylpyrocarbonate but this was not simply due to binding at the active site. Treatment of the inactivated enzyme with hydroxylamine led to only partial recovery of activity. Diethylpyrocarbonate also reacted with sulphydryl groups in isocitrate lyase, as judged by titrations with Nbs2, but this reaction was not responsible for the failure of hydroxylamine to reactivate the enzyme fully. The reactivity of isocitrate lyase to diethylpyrocarbonate declined with pH, following a titration curve for a group of pKa 6.1. Isolation and sequencing of ethoxyformylated peptides showed that the major site of modification by diethylpyrocarbonate was histidine residue 306.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nimmo, Professor Hugh
Authors: Rua, J., Robertson, A. G.S., and Nimmo, H. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-4838
ISSN (Online):1879-2588

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