Regulation of nitrate reductase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activities in barley leaf protoplasts

Lillo, C., Smith, L. H., Nimmo, H. G. and Wilkins, M. B. (1996) Regulation of nitrate reductase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activities in barley leaf protoplasts. Planta, 200(2), pp. 181-185. (doi:10.1007/BF00208307)

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Barley leaf protoplasts were incubated in light or darkness in the presence of various inhibitors, metabolites or weak acids/bases. Nitrate reductase (NR) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase) were rapidly extracted from the protoplasts and assayed under sub-optimal conditions, i.e. in the presence of Mg2+ and malate, respectively. Under these conditions changes in activities are thought to reflect changes in the phosphorylation states of the enzymes. The NR was activated by illumination to 90% of its maximal activity within 10 min. Photosynthetic electron transport appeared necessary for light activation of NR since activation was inhibited by the photosynthetic electron-transport inhibitor 3-(3′,4′-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU), and, additionally, an electron acceptor (HCO 3 - ) was required. The PEPCase was also activated by light. However, this activation was not prevented by DCMU or lack of HCO 3 - . Loading of protoplasts in the dark with a weak acid resulted in activation of both NR and PEPCase. For NR, full activation was completed within 5 min, whereas for PEPCase a slower, modest activation continued for at least 40 min. Incubation of protoplasts with a weak base also gave activation of PEPCase, but not of NR. On the contrary, base loading counteracted light activation of NR. Since several treatments tested resulted in the modulation of either NR or PEPCase activity, but not both, signal transduction cascades leading to changes in activities appear to be very different for the two enzymes.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nimmo, Professor Hugh
Authors: Lillo, C., Smith, L. H., Nimmo, H. G., and Wilkins, M. B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Planta
ISSN (Online):1432-2048

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