Light regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in barley mesophyll protoplasts is modulated by protein synthesis and calcium, and not necessarily correlated with phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase activity

Smith, L. H., Lillo, C., Nimmo, H. G. and Wilkins, M. B. (1996) Light regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in barley mesophyll protoplasts is modulated by protein synthesis and calcium, and not necessarily correlated with phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase activity. Planta, 200(2), pp. 174-180. (doi:10.1007/BF00208306)

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Abstract

The regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase, EC. 4.1.1.31) and PEPCase kinase was investigated using barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) mesophyll protoplasts. Incubation of protoplasts in the light resulted in a reduction in the sensitivity of PEPCase to the inhibitor L-malate; PEPCase from protoplasts incubated in the light for 1 h was inhibited 48±2% by 2mM malate, whereas the enzyme from protoplasts incubated for 1 h in the dark was inhibited by 67±2%. Light-induced reduction of sensitivity of PEPCase to malate was decreased by cycloheximide (CHM), indicating the involvement of protein synthesis. The PEPCase kinase in protoplasts increased with time after isolation in darkness, and increased still further following light treatment. The increase in kinase activity in the light was sensitive to CHM. When protoplasts were illuminated in the presence of EGTA and the calcium ionophore A23187 to reduce intracellular Ca2+, the reduction in the senstivity of PEPCase to malate was enhanced, though no more PEPCase kinase activity was detected than in protoplasts illuminated in the absence of EGTA and A23187. Incubation with 3-(3′,4′-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) had no effect on the light-induced reduction of sensitivity of PEPCase to malate inhibition or on light-activation of PEPCase kinase. These results indicate that there is a constitutive PEPCase kinase activity in C3 leaf tissue, that there is another kinase which is light-activated in a CHMsensitive way, that the sensitivity of PEPCase to its inhibitor may not always be correlated with apparent PEPCase kinase actvity, and that PEPCase and PEPCase kinase are regulated in a different manner in C3 protoplasts than in C4 protoplasts or leaf tissue.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nimmo, Professor Hugh
Authors: Smith, L. H., Lillo, C., Nimmo, H. G., and Wilkins, M. B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Planta
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0032-0935
ISSN (Online):1432-2048

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