Powering Future Transport in Scotland: A Review for the Scottish Association for Public Transport

Murray-Smith, D. J. (2019) Powering Future Transport in Scotland: A Review for the Scottish Association for Public Transport. Discussion Paper. Scottish Association for Public Transport. (Unpublished)

189828.pdf - Accepted Version



This report discusses energy costs and emissions associated with transport in Scotland and reviews options for future power sources for different modes of public transport. Transport provides a major contribution to greenhouse gas and other harmful emissions worldwide and efforts to reduce these are important for all forms of public transport, as well as for private cars and for the movement of freight. The effects of transport policy decisions are recognised, increasingly, as being very important for the electricity supply industry at national and local levels, largely because of the growth in the numbers of electric and hybrid road vehicles. Moving from oil to low carbon energy for transport raises important issues for electrical power generation and distribution systems in addition to challenges already being faced by the electrical power industry as the proportion of generating capacity involving renewables increases. The report starts by considering current energy costs and emissions for different forms of passenger transport and then outlines some current developments in areas such as internal combustion engine technology, battery storage systems and hydrogen fuel cells. Systems involving short-term energy storage and recovery of energy that would otherwise be dissipated as heat during braking are also discussed. Such systems generally involve the use of super-capacitors, flywheels or hydraulic devices. References are provided to the sources of data used in the analysis carried out for this review and, also, to sources of information about relevant developments in science and engineering. For all the new developments mentioned, there is a brief review of some transport applications in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. The possible impact of autonomous vehicles on future car ownership is still not known and the effects of this technology on public transport remain uncertain. As well as discussing autonomous road vehicles, the report makes brief mention of the potential of autonomous systems and increased automation for rail transport and for tramway operations. The benefits of further conventional railway electrification are reviewed in terms of energy usage, costs and emissions and the advantages of a more integrated approach to the provision of public transport in Scotland are emphasised. The value of using mathematical modelling and simulation methods to explore options in transport systems developments and planning is discussed, and the importance of testing simulation models in ways that are appropriate for the intended application is emphasised. This review presents the first results from a continuing study which was started in 2018 and is intended to provide information that should be relevant for those involved in decision-making in Scotland at the time of publication. The quantitative information contained within it clearly needs to be updated on a regular basis. The review concludes with recommendations for the Scottish Association for Public Transport about possible priorities for its efforts to increase public awareness about transport issues and is intended to be the first of a series of publications on transport and energy issues in the Scottish context. The references form an important part of the report and provide a potentially important bibliography which must be augmented and updated regularly.

Item Type:Research Reports or Papers (Discussion Paper)
Additional Information:The material in this report formed the basis for a seminar presentation by the author at a meeting of the Scottish Society for Public Transport held in Perth, Scotland, on 5th April 2019. Copies of the slides forming that presentation are freely available from the author (by e-mail request to David.Murray-Smith@glasgow.ac.uk).
Keywords:Energy, transport, emissions, electrical power generation, distribution, battery, hydrogen, short-term energy storage, railway electrification, modelling, simulation.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Murray-Smith, Professor David
Authors: Murray-Smith, D. J.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TF Railroad engineering and operation
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Publisher:Scottish Association for Public Transport
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Author
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the Author

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