Coalition dissolution, mobilization, and network dynamics in the U.S. antiwar movement

Heaney, M. T. and Rojas, F. (2008) Coalition dissolution, mobilization, and network dynamics in the U.S. antiwar movement. In: Coy, P. G. (ed.) Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change. Series: Research in social movements, conflicts and change (28). Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 39-82. ISBN 9781846638923

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Coalition formation and dissolution are integral parts of social movement politics. This article addresses two questions about the effect of coalition politics on organizational processes within social movements. First, how does coalition leadership influence who attends mass demonstrations? Second, how does the dissolution of a coalition affect the locations of organizations in activist networks? The case of schism between United for Peace and Justice (UFPJ) and Act Now to Stop War and End Racism (ANSWER) in the contemporary American antiwar movement (2001–2007) is examined. Survey results demonstrate that variations in coalition leadership do not significantly affect protest demographics, though they do attract supporters with different political attitudes, levels of commitment, and organizational affiliations. Further, network analysis establishes that coalition dissolution weakens the ties between previous coalition partners and creates opportunities for actors uninvolved in the split to reaffirm and improve brokerage opportunities. The end result is that preexisting network structures serve to mitigate the effects of coalition dissolution on social movements.

Item Type:Book Sections
Additional Information:Series ISSN: 0163-786X ; eISBN: 9781846638930.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Heaney, Dr Michael
Authors: Heaney, M. T., and Rojas, F.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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